Record critical current density in bulk MgB2 using carbon-coated amorphous boron with optimum sintering conditions

M. Muralidhar, M. Higuchi, P. Diko, M. Jirsa, M. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report on the synthesis and characterization of a sintered bulk MgB2 material produced at an optimized sintering temperature with a varying content of carbon-encapsulated amorphous boron. A series of MgB2 bulks was prepared with 0%, 1.5%, 2.8%, 7.3%, 12% and 16.5% of carbon-encapsulated boron. In the samples with 12% of carbon-encapsulated boron, Mg and MgB2C2 formation was observed. Tc was around 38.4 K for the pure MgB2 and decreased with increasing carbon content up to 25 K for 16.5 % of carbon-encapsulated boron. The highest Jc values of 470 kA/cm2 and 310 kA/cm2, in the self-field and 1 T, respectively, were achieved at 20 K, in the MgB2 sample with 1.5% of carbon-encapsulated boron. It proved that the optimized sintering conditions together with the appropriate amount of the carbon-coated boron were able to bring critical current performance of bulk MgB2 material up to the level necessary for real technical applications.

LanguageEnglish
Article number012056
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume871
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017 Jul 26

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critical current
sintering
boron
current density
carbon
synthesis
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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Record critical current density in bulk MgB2 using carbon-coated amorphous boron with optimum sintering conditions. / Muralidhar, M.; Higuchi, M.; Diko, P.; Jirsa, M.; Murakami, M.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 871, No. 1, 012056, 26.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We report on the synthesis and characterization of a sintered bulk MgB2 material produced at an optimized sintering temperature with a varying content of carbon-encapsulated amorphous boron. A series of MgB2 bulks was prepared with 0{\%}, 1.5{\%}, 2.8{\%}, 7.3{\%}, 12{\%} and 16.5{\%} of carbon-encapsulated boron. In the samples with 12{\%} of carbon-encapsulated boron, Mg and MgB2C2 formation was observed. Tc was around 38.4 K for the pure MgB2 and decreased with increasing carbon content up to 25 K for 16.5 {\%} of carbon-encapsulated boron. The highest Jc values of 470 kA/cm2 and 310 kA/cm2, in the self-field and 1 T, respectively, were achieved at 20 K, in the MgB2 sample with 1.5{\%} of carbon-encapsulated boron. It proved that the optimized sintering conditions together with the appropriate amount of the carbon-coated boron were able to bring critical current performance of bulk MgB2 material up to the level necessary for real technical applications.",
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AU - Murakami,M.

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