Relation between crystal structure and transition temperature of superconducting metals and alloys

Michael Rudolf Koblischka, Susanne Roth, Anjela Koblischka-Veneva, Thomas Karwoth, Alex Wiederhold, Xian Lin Zeng, Stefanos Fasoulas, Masato Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using the Roeser–Huber equation, which was originally developed for high temperature superconductors (HTSc) (H. Roeser et al., Acta Astronautica 62 (2008) 733), we present a calculation of the superconducting transition temperatures, Tc, of some elements with fcc unit cells (Pb, Al), some elements with bcc unit cells (Nb, V), Sn with a tetragonal unit cell and several simple metallic alloys (NbN, NbTi, the A15 compounds and MgB2). All calculations used only the crystallographic information and available data of the electronic configuration of the constituents. The model itself is based on viewing superconductivity as a resonance effect, and the superconducting charge carriers moving through the crystal interact with a typical crystal distance, x. It is found that all calculated Tc-data fall within a narrow error margin on a straight line when plotting (2x)2 vs. 1/Tc like in the case for HTSc. Furthermore, we discuss the problems when obtaining data for Tc from the literature or from experiments, which are needed for comparison with the calculated data. The Tc-data presented here agree reasonably well with the literature data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number158
JournalMetals
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb

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Keywords

  • A15 superconductors
  • Huber equation
  • Metallic superconductors
  • Roeser
  • Superconducting alloys
  • Transition temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Koblischka, M. R., Roth, S., Koblischka-Veneva, A., Karwoth, T., Wiederhold, A., Zeng, X. L., Fasoulas, S., & Murakami, M. (2020). Relation between crystal structure and transition temperature of superconducting metals and alloys. Metals, 10(2), [158]. https://doi.org/10.3390/met10020158