Relationship between the mesoporous intermediate layer structure and the gas permeation property of an amorphous silica membrane synthesized by counter diffusion chemical vapor deposition

Takayuki Nagano, Shinji Fujisaki, Koji Sato, Koji Hataya, Yuji Iwamoto, Mikihiro Nomura, Shin Ichi Nakao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An amorphous silica membrane with an excellent hydrogen/nitrogen (H 2/N2) permselectivity of >10 000 and a He/H2 permselectivity of 11 was successfully synthesized on a γ-alumina (γ-Al2O3)-coated α-alumina (α-Al 2O3) porous support by counter diffusion chemical vapor deposition using tetramethylorthosilicate and oxygen at 873 K. An amorphous silica membrane possessed a high H2 permeance of >1.0 × 10-7 mol·(m2·s·Pa)-1 at ≥773 K. The dominant permeation mechanism for He and H2 at 373-873 K was activated diffusion. On the other hand, that for CO2, Ar, and N2 at 373-673 K was a viscous flow. At ≥673 K, that for CO 2, Ar, and N2 was activated diffusion. H2 permselectivity was markedly affected by the permeation temperature, thickness, and pore size of a γ-Al2O3 mesoporous intermediate layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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