Reproducibility of small Ge2C6H10O7-added MgB2 bulks fabricated by ex situ Spark Plasma Sintering used in compound bulk magnets with a trapped magnetic field above 5 T

P. Badica, G. Aldica, M. A. Grigoroscuta, M. Burdusel, I. Pasuk, D. Batalu, K. Berger, A. Koblischka-Veneva, M. R. Koblischka

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Abstract

Bulk discs (20 mm diameter and 4.3 mm thickness) of MgB2 added with Ge2C6H10O7 were obtained by Spark Plasma Sintering. Six samples with composition MgB2(Ge2C6H10O7)0.0014 and one undoped sample were fabricated under similar conditions and were magnetically characterized in order to determine the scattering of properties and reproducibility. The main source of the scattering of the properties is the decomposition of the additive due to elimination of the organic part in gas form, which occurs stepwise with intensive vacuum drops at around ~ 560 and ~ 740 °C. A third drop, which is sometimes not well resolved being part of the second peak at 740 °C, occurs at ~ 820 °C. The critical temperature at the midpoint of the transition, Tc, shows only a relatively small variation between 37.4 and 38 K, and the irreversibility field at a low temperature of 5 K takes values between 8 and 10 T. The pinning force and pinning force related parameters do not correlate with the carbon substituting for boron in MgB2 and suggest a synergetic influence of the microstructural details and carbon. Overall, despite the superconducting properties scattering, the samples are of high quality. Stacked into a column of six samples, they can trap at the center and on the surface of the column a magnetic field of 6.78 and 5.19 T at 12 K, 5.20 and 3.98 T at 20 K and 2.39, and 1.96 T at 30 K. These promising values, combined with facile fabrication of the samples with relatively high quality and reproducibility, show the feasibility of their use in building complex and large compound arrangements for bulk magnets and other applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10538
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 1

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