Response-capacity analysis of urban systems to support emergency and disaster response in a developing city: The case of Yangon, Myanmar

Yasmin Bhattacharya, Takaaki Kato, Tomoko Matsushita, Ei Ei Tun, Tin Tin Aye

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

The process of urbanization often results in the accumulation of risks within the urban fabric. These later develop into major vulnerabilities that can cause immense devastation in the event of a disaster. Therefore, as a city develops, it is essential to monitor its growth in order to 1) guide its development to avoid accumulating further risks and 2) enable the urban system to cope with the risks that already exist. This paper focuses on dealing with existing risks and the potential to address disaster-risk response within the existing firefighting framework. It identifies GIS-based spatial-analysis methods that can assist in determining the urban system’s capacity to accommodate the necessary service functions during both regular emergencies and disaster situations. As an example, response-capacity analysis for firefighting services in Yangon City is carried out to identify the inadequacies of the current system. These are then matched with the potential-fire-risk map to consider the demand increase for fire stations in disaster situations due to the likelihood of multiple ignitions. Areas where infrastructural and logistical improvements should be prioritized are discussed, and urban planning measures to help develop a safe and resilient city are considered within the developing-country context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-151
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Disasters
Fires
Urban planning
Developing countries
Geographic information systems
Ignition

Keywords

  • Disaster response
  • Emergency services
  • Evacuation
  • Firefighting
  • GIS
  • Medical
  • Urban planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Response-capacity analysis of urban systems to support emergency and disaster response in a developing city : The case of Yangon, Myanmar. / Bhattacharya, Yasmin; Kato, Takaaki; Matsushita, Tomoko; Tun, Ei Ei; Aye, Tin Tin.

In: Journal of Disaster Research, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.02.2018, p. 138-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

@article{1346e8ebcad64a06b5c5e947f4bc1a3f,
title = "Response-capacity analysis of urban systems to support emergency and disaster response in a developing city: The case of Yangon, Myanmar",
abstract = "The process of urbanization often results in the accumulation of risks within the urban fabric. These later develop into major vulnerabilities that can cause immense devastation in the event of a disaster. Therefore, as a city develops, it is essential to monitor its growth in order to 1) guide its development to avoid accumulating further risks and 2) enable the urban system to cope with the risks that already exist. This paper focuses on dealing with existing risks and the potential to address disaster-risk response within the existing firefighting framework. It identifies GIS-based spatial-analysis methods that can assist in determining the urban system’s capacity to accommodate the necessary service functions during both regular emergencies and disaster situations. As an example, response-capacity analysis for firefighting services in Yangon City is carried out to identify the inadequacies of the current system. These are then matched with the potential-fire-risk map to consider the demand increase for fire stations in disaster situations due to the likelihood of multiple ignitions. Areas where infrastructural and logistical improvements should be prioritized are discussed, and urban planning measures to help develop a safe and resilient city are considered within the developing-country context.",
keywords = "Disaster response, Emergency services, Evacuation, Firefighting, GIS, Medical, Urban planning",
author = "Yasmin Bhattacharya and Takaaki Kato and Tomoko Matsushita and Tun, {Ei Ei} and Aye, {Tin Tin}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.20965/jdr.2018.p0138",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "138--151",
journal = "Journal of Disaster Research",
issn = "1881-2473",
publisher = "Fuji Technology Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Response-capacity analysis of urban systems to support emergency and disaster response in a developing city

T2 - The case of Yangon, Myanmar

AU - Bhattacharya, Yasmin

AU - Kato, Takaaki

AU - Matsushita, Tomoko

AU - Tun, Ei Ei

AU - Aye, Tin Tin

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - The process of urbanization often results in the accumulation of risks within the urban fabric. These later develop into major vulnerabilities that can cause immense devastation in the event of a disaster. Therefore, as a city develops, it is essential to monitor its growth in order to 1) guide its development to avoid accumulating further risks and 2) enable the urban system to cope with the risks that already exist. This paper focuses on dealing with existing risks and the potential to address disaster-risk response within the existing firefighting framework. It identifies GIS-based spatial-analysis methods that can assist in determining the urban system’s capacity to accommodate the necessary service functions during both regular emergencies and disaster situations. As an example, response-capacity analysis for firefighting services in Yangon City is carried out to identify the inadequacies of the current system. These are then matched with the potential-fire-risk map to consider the demand increase for fire stations in disaster situations due to the likelihood of multiple ignitions. Areas where infrastructural and logistical improvements should be prioritized are discussed, and urban planning measures to help develop a safe and resilient city are considered within the developing-country context.

AB - The process of urbanization often results in the accumulation of risks within the urban fabric. These later develop into major vulnerabilities that can cause immense devastation in the event of a disaster. Therefore, as a city develops, it is essential to monitor its growth in order to 1) guide its development to avoid accumulating further risks and 2) enable the urban system to cope with the risks that already exist. This paper focuses on dealing with existing risks and the potential to address disaster-risk response within the existing firefighting framework. It identifies GIS-based spatial-analysis methods that can assist in determining the urban system’s capacity to accommodate the necessary service functions during both regular emergencies and disaster situations. As an example, response-capacity analysis for firefighting services in Yangon City is carried out to identify the inadequacies of the current system. These are then matched with the potential-fire-risk map to consider the demand increase for fire stations in disaster situations due to the likelihood of multiple ignitions. Areas where infrastructural and logistical improvements should be prioritized are discussed, and urban planning measures to help develop a safe and resilient city are considered within the developing-country context.

KW - Disaster response

KW - Emergency services

KW - Evacuation

KW - Firefighting

KW - GIS

KW - Medical

KW - Urban planning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049299956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049299956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.20965/jdr.2018.p0138

DO - 10.20965/jdr.2018.p0138

M3 - Comment/debate

AN - SCOPUS:85049299956

VL - 13

SP - 138

EP - 151

JO - Journal of Disaster Research

JF - Journal of Disaster Research

SN - 1881-2473

IS - 1

ER -