Rotation in the NGC 1333 IRAS 4C Outflow

Yichen Zhang, Aya E. Higuchi, Nami Sakai, Yoko Oya, Ana López-Sepulcre, Muneaki Imai, Takeshi Sakai, Yoshimasa Watanabe, Cecilia Ceccarelli, Bertrand Lefloch, Satoshi Yamamoto

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34 Citations (Scopus)


We report molecular line observations of the NGC 1333 IRAS 4C outflow in the Perseus Molecular Cloud with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array. The CCH and CS emission reveal an outflow cavity structure with clear signatures of rotation with respect to the outflow axis. The rotation is detected from about 120 au up to about 1400 au above the envelope/disk midplane. As the distance to the central source increases, the rotation velocity of the outflow decreases while the outflow radius increases, which gives a flat specific angular momentum distribution along the outflow. The mean specific angular momentum of the outflow is about 100 . On the basis of reasonable assumptions on the outward velocity of the outflow and the protostar mass, we estimate the range of outflow-launching radii to be 5-15 au. Such a launching radius rules out that this outflow is launched as an X-wind, but rather, it is more consistent to be a slow disk wind launched from relatively large radii on the disk. The radius of the centrifugal barrier is roughly estimated, and the role of the centrifugal barrier in the outflow launching is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number76
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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