During walking in water (WW) the vertical component of ground reaction forces decreases, while the greater propulsive force is required to move forward against the greater resistance of water. In such reduced gravity environment, Hutchison et al. (1989) have demonstrated that the relative activation of rat medial gastrocnemius (MGAS) increased compared to that of the soleus (SOL) during swimming, suggesting different effects of peripheral information on motoneuron excitability of these muscles. It is conceivable that both buoyancy and resistance of water have different effects on the activation patterns of triceps surae muscles during WW, since the reduced weight in water might decrease the peripheral inflow relating load information while greater volitional command might be needed to propel a body forward against the water resistance. The present study was designed to assess each peripheral inflow and efferent input by adjusting the load and walking speed voluntarily during WW. The aim of this study is to investigate the dissociative activation pattern between the SOL and the MGAS during WW.
|Journal||Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|