Silica membrane reactor for the thermochemical iodine-sulfur process to produce hydrogen

Mikihiro Nomura, Seiji Easahara, Shin Ichi Nakao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silica membranes prepared by chemical vapor deposition were applied to the decomposition reaction of HI of the iodine-sulfur process in order to improve one-pass conversion of HI. Equilibrium conversion of HI is 22% at 723 K without hydrogen removal. Hydrogen was successfully extracted from the decomposition reactor using the silica membranes between 723 and 873 K. HI conversions were increased with an increase in the hydrogen extraction ratio. The maximum HI one-pass conversion was 76.4% at 873 K. The total thermal efficiency can be improved by 1% for this HI conversion by calculating the heat/mass balance of the process. The concentration profile in the reactor was evaluated by using the simple two-dimensional simulation. H2permeances measured by the experimental method were almost the same as those of the simulation, and the membrane reactor system was found to have permeation limitations. Membranes with higher H2permeances should be developed for the membrane reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5874-5879
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume43
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

iodine
Iodine
Sulfur
Silicon Dioxide
Hydrogen
silica
Silica
sulfur
hydrogen
membrane
Membranes
decomposition
Decomposition
Permeation
simulation
Chemical vapor deposition
mass balance
reactor
Hot Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Silica membrane reactor for the thermochemical iodine-sulfur process to produce hydrogen. / Nomura, Mikihiro; Easahara, Seiji; Nakao, Shin Ichi.

In: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 43, No. 18, 01.09.2004, p. 5874-5879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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