Spatial Feature-Based Prioritization for Transmission of Point Cloud Data in 3D-Image Sensor Networks

Masamichi Oka, Ryoichi Shinkuma, Takehiro Sato, Eiji Oki, Takanori Iwai, Koichi Nihei, Eiji Takahashi, Dai Kanetomo, Kozo Satoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A sensor network that connects multiple 3D image sensor devices using light detection and ranging (LIDAR) is effective for collecting spatial information to detect potential risks associated with people's movements. However, due to the large volume and high frame rate of point cloud data obtained by LIDAR devices, under the condition of strictly limited bandwidth, some part of the data can go missing when detection is performed from point cloud data, causing a degradation of the accuracy. As the communication traffic volume of other applications increases, the communication available bandwidth for spatial information applications becomes insufficient. This paper proposes a scheme of spatial feature-based prioritization for the transmission of point cloud data with strictly limited communication bandwidth. It estimates how much each piece of point cloud data contributes to the accuracy improvement of a machine learning task for spatial prediction and assigns a higher score to those with a larger contribution. These scores prioritize the control for the transmission of point cloud data from sensor devices to an edge server. Feature selection with machine learning is helpful for estimating data importance. To improve the estimation accuracy, the proposed scheme complements missing entries when performing feature selection. We developed an indoor experimental environment and found that the prediction accuracy was sufficiently maintained compared to two benchmark schemes, random and heuristic, with limited communication bandwidth. Comparison with the perturbation method, which is a conventional method of feature selection, demonstrated the effectiveness to complement missing values in the proposed scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23145-23161
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Volume21
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 15
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Feature selection
  • Image sensor network
  • Machine learning
  • Point cloud
  • Priority control of transmission
  • Smart monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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