Status and performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the international space station

O. Adriani, Y. Akaike, Y. Asaoka, K. Asano, M. G. Bagliesi, G. Bigongiari, W. R. Binns, M. Bongi, J. H. Buckley, A. Cassese, G. Castellini, M. L. Cherry, G. Collazuol, K. Ebisawa, V. di Felice, H. Fuke, T. G. Guzik, T. Hamsa, N. Hasebe, M. HareyamaK. Hibino, M. Ichimura, K. Ioka, M. H. Israel, A. Javaid, Eiji Kamioka, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, J. Kataoka, R. Kataoka, N. Kawanaka, H. Kitamura, T. Kotani, H. S. Krawczynski, J. F. Krizmanic, Aya Kubota, S. Kuramata, T. Lomtadze, P. Maestro, L. Marcelli, P. S. Marrocchesi, J. W. Mitchell, S. Miyake, K. Mizutani, H. M. Motz, A. A. Moiseev, K. Mori, M. Mori, N. Mori, K. Munakata, H. Murakami, Y. E. Nakagawa, S. Nakahira, J. Nishimura, S. Okuno, J. F. Ormes, S. Ozawa, F. Palma, P. Papini, B. F. Rauch, S. Ricciarini, T. Sakamoto, M. Sasaki, M. Shibata, Y. Shimizu, A. Shiomi, R. Sparvoli, P. Spillantini, I. Takahashi, M. Takayanagi, M. Takita, T. Tamura, N. Tateyama, T. Terasawa, H. Tomida, S. Torii, Y. Tunesada, Y. Uchihori, S. Ueno, E. Vannuccini, J. P. Wefel, K. Yamaoka, S. Yanagita, A. Yoshida, Kenji Yoshida, T. Yuda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) space experiment, currently under development by Japan in collaboration with Italy and the United States, will measure the flux of cosmic-ray electrons (including positrons) to 20 TeV, gamma rays to 10 TeV and nuclei with Z=1 to 40 up to 1,000 TeV during a two-year mission on the International Space Station (ISS), extendable to five years. These measurements are essential to search for dark matter signatures, investigate the mechanism of cosmic-ray acceleration and propagation in the Galaxy and discover possible astrophysical sources of high-energy electrons nearby the Earth. The instrument consists of two layers of segmented plastic scintillators for the cosmic-ray charge identification (CHD), a 3 radiation length thick tungsten-scintillating fiber imaging calorimeter (IMC) and a 27 radiation length thick lead-tungstate calorimeter (TASC). CALET has sufficient depth, imaging capabilities and excellent energy resolution to allow for a clear separation between hadrons and electrons and between charged particles and gamma rays. The instrument will be launched to the ISS within 2014 Japanese Fiscal Year (by the end of March 2015) and installed on the Japanese Experiment Module-Exposed Facility (JEM-EF). In this paper, we will review the status and main science goals of the mission and describe the instrument configuration and performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements
PublisherElsevier
Pages225-232
Number of pages8
Volume256-257
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1

Fingerprint

particle telescopes
International Space Station
cosmic rays
calorimeters
gamma rays
lead tungstates
scintillating fibers
radiation
Italy
hadrons
high energy electrons
scintillation counters
positrons
dark matter
Japan
rays
astrophysics
charged particles
tungsten
electrons

Keywords

  • Calorimeter
  • Dark matter
  • Electrons
  • ISS
  • Nearby sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Adriani, O., Akaike, Y., Asaoka, Y., Asano, K., Bagliesi, M. G., Bigongiari, G., ... Yuda, T. (2014). Status and performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the international space station. In Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements (Vol. 256-257, pp. 225-232). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2014.10.026

Status and performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the international space station. / Adriani, O.; Akaike, Y.; Asaoka, Y.; Asano, K.; Bagliesi, M. G.; Bigongiari, G.; Binns, W. R.; Bongi, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Cassese, A.; Castellini, G.; Cherry, M. L.; Collazuol, G.; Ebisawa, K.; di Felice, V.; Fuke, H.; Guzik, T. G.; Hamsa, T.; Hasebe, N.; Hareyama, M.; Hibino, K.; Ichimura, M.; Ioka, K.; Israel, M. H.; Javaid, A.; Kamioka, Eiji; Kasahara, K.; Katayose, Y.; Kataoka, J.; Kataoka, R.; Kawanaka, N.; Kitamura, H.; Kotani, T.; Krawczynski, H. S.; Krizmanic, J. F.; Kubota, Aya; Kuramata, S.; Lomtadze, T.; Maestro, P.; Marcelli, L.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Mitchell, J. W.; Miyake, S.; Mizutani, K.; Motz, H. M.; Moiseev, A. A.; Mori, K.; Mori, M.; Mori, N.; Munakata, K.; Murakami, H.; Nakagawa, Y. E.; Nakahira, S.; Nishimura, J.; Okuno, S.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozawa, S.; Palma, F.; Papini, P.; Rauch, B. F.; Ricciarini, S.; Sakamoto, T.; Sasaki, M.; Shibata, M.; Shimizu, Y.; Shiomi, A.; Sparvoli, R.; Spillantini, P.; Takahashi, I.; Takayanagi, M.; Takita, M.; Tamura, T.; Tateyama, N.; Terasawa, T.; Tomida, H.; Torii, S.; Tunesada, Y.; Uchihori, Y.; Ueno, S.; Vannuccini, E.; Wefel, J. P.; Yamaoka, K.; Yanagita, S.; Yoshida, A.; Yoshida, Kenji; Yuda, T.

Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements. Vol. 256-257 Elsevier, 2014. p. 225-232.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Adriani, O, Akaike, Y, Asaoka, Y, Asano, K, Bagliesi, MG, Bigongiari, G, Binns, WR, Bongi, M, Buckley, JH, Cassese, A, Castellini, G, Cherry, ML, Collazuol, G, Ebisawa, K, di Felice, V, Fuke, H, Guzik, TG, Hamsa, T, Hasebe, N, Hareyama, M, Hibino, K, Ichimura, M, Ioka, K, Israel, MH, Javaid, A, Kamioka, E, Kasahara, K, Katayose, Y, Kataoka, J, Kataoka, R, Kawanaka, N, Kitamura, H, Kotani, T, Krawczynski, HS, Krizmanic, JF, Kubota, A, Kuramata, S, Lomtadze, T, Maestro, P, Marcelli, L, Marrocchesi, PS, Mitchell, JW, Miyake, S, Mizutani, K, Motz, HM, Moiseev, AA, Mori, K, Mori, M, Mori, N, Munakata, K, Murakami, H, Nakagawa, YE, Nakahira, S, Nishimura, J, Okuno, S, Ormes, JF, Ozawa, S, Palma, F, Papini, P, Rauch, BF, Ricciarini, S, Sakamoto, T, Sasaki, M, Shibata, M, Shimizu, Y, Shiomi, A, Sparvoli, R, Spillantini, P, Takahashi, I, Takayanagi, M, Takita, M, Tamura, T, Tateyama, N, Terasawa, T, Tomida, H, Torii, S, Tunesada, Y, Uchihori, Y, Ueno, S, Vannuccini, E, Wefel, JP, Yamaoka, K, Yanagita, S, Yoshida, A, Yoshida, K & Yuda, T 2014, Status and performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the international space station. in Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements. vol. 256-257, Elsevier, pp. 225-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2014.10.026
Adriani O, Akaike Y, Asaoka Y, Asano K, Bagliesi MG, Bigongiari G et al. Status and performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the international space station. In Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements. Vol. 256-257. Elsevier. 2014. p. 225-232 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2014.10.026
Adriani, O. ; Akaike, Y. ; Asaoka, Y. ; Asano, K. ; Bagliesi, M. G. ; Bigongiari, G. ; Binns, W. R. ; Bongi, M. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Cassese, A. ; Castellini, G. ; Cherry, M. L. ; Collazuol, G. ; Ebisawa, K. ; di Felice, V. ; Fuke, H. ; Guzik, T. G. ; Hamsa, T. ; Hasebe, N. ; Hareyama, M. ; Hibino, K. ; Ichimura, M. ; Ioka, K. ; Israel, M. H. ; Javaid, A. ; Kamioka, Eiji ; Kasahara, K. ; Katayose, Y. ; Kataoka, J. ; Kataoka, R. ; Kawanaka, N. ; Kitamura, H. ; Kotani, T. ; Krawczynski, H. S. ; Krizmanic, J. F. ; Kubota, Aya ; Kuramata, S. ; Lomtadze, T. ; Maestro, P. ; Marcelli, L. ; Marrocchesi, P. S. ; Mitchell, J. W. ; Miyake, S. ; Mizutani, K. ; Motz, H. M. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Mori, K. ; Mori, M. ; Mori, N. ; Munakata, K. ; Murakami, H. ; Nakagawa, Y. E. ; Nakahira, S. ; Nishimura, J. ; Okuno, S. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Ozawa, S. ; Palma, F. ; Papini, P. ; Rauch, B. F. ; Ricciarini, S. ; Sakamoto, T. ; Sasaki, M. ; Shibata, M. ; Shimizu, Y. ; Shiomi, A. ; Sparvoli, R. ; Spillantini, P. ; Takahashi, I. ; Takayanagi, M. ; Takita, M. ; Tamura, T. ; Tateyama, N. ; Terasawa, T. ; Tomida, H. ; Torii, S. ; Tunesada, Y. ; Uchihori, Y. ; Ueno, S. ; Vannuccini, E. ; Wefel, J. P. ; Yamaoka, K. ; Yanagita, S. ; Yoshida, A. ; Yoshida, Kenji ; Yuda, T. / Status and performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) on the international space station. Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements. Vol. 256-257 Elsevier, 2014. pp. 225-232
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AU - Adriani, O.

AU - Akaike, Y.

AU - Asaoka, Y.

AU - Asano, K.

AU - Bagliesi, M. G.

AU - Bigongiari, G.

AU - Binns, W. R.

AU - Bongi, M.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Cassese, A.

AU - Castellini, G.

AU - Cherry, M. L.

AU - Collazuol, G.

AU - Ebisawa, K.

AU - di Felice, V.

AU - Fuke, H.

AU - Guzik, T. G.

AU - Hamsa, T.

AU - Hasebe, N.

AU - Hareyama, M.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Ichimura, M.

AU - Ioka, K.

AU - Israel, M. H.

AU - Javaid, A.

AU - Kamioka, Eiji

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Kataoka, J.

AU - Kataoka, R.

AU - Kawanaka, N.

AU - Kitamura, H.

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AU - Krawczynski, H. S.

AU - Krizmanic, J. F.

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AU - Lomtadze, T.

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AU - Marcelli, L.

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AU - Miyake, S.

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AU - Motz, H. M.

AU - Moiseev, A. A.

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AU - Mori, N.

AU - Munakata, K.

AU - Murakami, H.

AU - Nakagawa, Y. E.

AU - Nakahira, S.

AU - Nishimura, J.

AU - Okuno, S.

AU - Ormes, J. F.

AU - Ozawa, S.

AU - Palma, F.

AU - Papini, P.

AU - Rauch, B. F.

AU - Ricciarini, S.

AU - Sakamoto, T.

AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Shibata, M.

AU - Shimizu, Y.

AU - Shiomi, A.

AU - Sparvoli, R.

AU - Spillantini, P.

AU - Takahashi, I.

AU - Takayanagi, M.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Tamura, T.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Terasawa, T.

AU - Tomida, H.

AU - Torii, S.

AU - Tunesada, Y.

AU - Uchihori, Y.

AU - Ueno, S.

AU - Vannuccini, E.

AU - Wefel, J. P.

AU - Yamaoka, K.

AU - Yanagita, S.

AU - Yoshida, A.

AU - Yoshida, Kenji

AU - Yuda, T.

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AB - The CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) space experiment, currently under development by Japan in collaboration with Italy and the United States, will measure the flux of cosmic-ray electrons (including positrons) to 20 TeV, gamma rays to 10 TeV and nuclei with Z=1 to 40 up to 1,000 TeV during a two-year mission on the International Space Station (ISS), extendable to five years. These measurements are essential to search for dark matter signatures, investigate the mechanism of cosmic-ray acceleration and propagation in the Galaxy and discover possible astrophysical sources of high-energy electrons nearby the Earth. The instrument consists of two layers of segmented plastic scintillators for the cosmic-ray charge identification (CHD), a 3 radiation length thick tungsten-scintillating fiber imaging calorimeter (IMC) and a 27 radiation length thick lead-tungstate calorimeter (TASC). CALET has sufficient depth, imaging capabilities and excellent energy resolution to allow for a clear separation between hadrons and electrons and between charged particles and gamma rays. The instrument will be launched to the ISS within 2014 Japanese Fiscal Year (by the end of March 2015) and installed on the Japanese Experiment Module-Exposed Facility (JEM-EF). In this paper, we will review the status and main science goals of the mission and describe the instrument configuration and performance.

KW - Calorimeter

KW - Dark matter

KW - Electrons

KW - ISS

KW - Nearby sources

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