Studies on the adsorption of uranium and fission produet elements from nitric acid medium by novel silica-based polyvinylpyridine anion exchange resin

Tsuyoshi Arai, Kanwal Nam Sabharwal, Yuezhou Wei, Mikio Kumagai, Kenichi Horiguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To develop a new ion exchange process for the separation of uranium from fission products we have synthesized a novel silica-based macro-reticular polyvinylpyridine anion exchange resin. This resin has been used for the adsorption studies of uranium and some of the fission products from nitric acid medium. The distribution coefficient values for the adsorption of uranium in both tetravalent and hexavalent oxidation states were measured with the new resin and these values have been compared with the literature values for conventional anion exchange resin with quaternary ammonium as functional group. The newly synthesized silica-based macro-reticular polyvinyl pyridine anion exchange resin has the particles diameter of 50 μm, which results in fast adsorption kinetics, low swelling and pressure drop as compared to a conventional polymer based anion exchange. The distribution coefficient values for tetravalent uranium are considerably higher as compared to most of the fission products. The results indicate that complete separation of U(IV) from most fission products can be achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)882-885
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

nitric acid
Nitric acid
Uranium
fission products
resins
Fission products
uranium
fission
Ion exchange
Negative ions
Resins
Silica
silicon dioxide
anions
Adsorption
adsorption
Macros
coefficients
pressure drop
swelling

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Ion exchange
  • Separation
  • Silica-based polyvinylpyridine anion exchange resin
  • Uranium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Studies on the adsorption of uranium and fission produet elements from nitric acid medium by novel silica-based polyvinylpyridine anion exchange resin. / Arai, Tsuyoshi; Sabharwal, Kanwal Nam; Wei, Yuezhou; Kumagai, Mikio; Horiguchi, Kenichi.

In: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol. 39, 01.01.2002, p. 882-885.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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