Study on high speed milling of steam turbine blade materials - Differences in cutting characteristics of titanium alloy and stainless steel

Tomonori Kimura, Tatsuyuki Kamijo, Takekazu Sawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Titanium alloy and stainless steel are used as steam turbine blade materials. However, their machining efficiency is low because they are difficult-to-cut materials. In particular, the high cutting point temperature and short tool life are major problems. Highspeed milling can reduce the cutting point temperature and tool wear. In this study, highspeed milling of a titanium alloy and stainless steel was investigated for the high-efficiency cutting of a steam turbine blade. In the experiment, workpieces were made of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V and stainless steel 13Cr. The experiment was conducted at cutting speeds from 100 m/min to 600 m/min. The flank wear increased rapidly with increase in the cutting speed. The loss of the coating on the flank of the end mill was confirmed via energy-dispersive Xray spectroscopy analysis. It was demonstrated that the cutting point temperature was higher than the heat resistance temperature of the coating. The cutting point temperature was analyzed using AdvantEdge FEM. It was found that the cutting point temperature at a cutting speed of 350 m/min or more was higher than the heat resistance temperature of the coating. On the other hand, in the case of the stainless steel 13Cr, the flank wear increased in proportion to the cutting speed, and the loss of the coating on the flank of the end mill was also confirmed. However, the loss of the coating was less than that in the case of the titanium alloy. It was found that the high-speed milling of the stainless steel did not reach the heat resistance temperature of the coating. The cutting characteristics of the high-speed milling of the titanium alloy and stainless steel differed, which was mainly attributed to the difference in the thermal conductivity. In the high-speed milling of the titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V and stainless steel 13Cr, it was not possible to determine the factors that result in a low cutting point temperature. If the cutting point temperature is lower than the heat resistance temperature of the coating, high-speed milling may be possible. Therefore, the ways in which the cutting point temperature can be lowered will be examined in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Abrasive Technology XIX
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages445-449
Number of pages5
Volume874
ISBN (Print)9783035710342
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event19th International Symposium on Advances in Abrasive Technology, ISAAT 2016 - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 2016 Oct 22016 Oct 5

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume874
ISSN (Print)02555476

Other

Other19th International Symposium on Advances in Abrasive Technology, ISAAT 2016
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period16/10/216/10/5

Fingerprint

steam turbines
turbine blades
Stainless Steel
titanium alloys
Alloy steel
Steam turbines
Titanium alloys
Turbomachine blades
stainless steels
Stainless steel
high speed
steels
coatings
Coatings
thermal resistance
Heat resistance
Temperature
temperature
Milling (machining)
Wear of materials

Keywords

  • 13Cr
  • High speed milling
  • Radius end mill
  • Stainless steel
  • Steam turbine blade
  • Ti-6Al-4V
  • Titanium alloy
  • Work hardening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Kimura, T., Kamijo, T., & Sawa, T. (2016). Study on high speed milling of steam turbine blade materials - Differences in cutting characteristics of titanium alloy and stainless steel. In Advances in Abrasive Technology XIX (Vol. 874, pp. 445-449). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 874). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.874.445

Study on high speed milling of steam turbine blade materials - Differences in cutting characteristics of titanium alloy and stainless steel. / Kimura, Tomonori; Kamijo, Tatsuyuki; Sawa, Takekazu.

Advances in Abrasive Technology XIX. Vol. 874 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2016. p. 445-449 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 874).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kimura, T, Kamijo, T & Sawa, T 2016, Study on high speed milling of steam turbine blade materials - Differences in cutting characteristics of titanium alloy and stainless steel. in Advances in Abrasive Technology XIX. vol. 874, Materials Science Forum, vol. 874, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 445-449, 19th International Symposium on Advances in Abrasive Technology, ISAAT 2016, Stockholm, Sweden, 16/10/2. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.874.445
Kimura T, Kamijo T, Sawa T. Study on high speed milling of steam turbine blade materials - Differences in cutting characteristics of titanium alloy and stainless steel. In Advances in Abrasive Technology XIX. Vol. 874. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2016. p. 445-449. (Materials Science Forum). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.874.445
Kimura, Tomonori ; Kamijo, Tatsuyuki ; Sawa, Takekazu. / Study on high speed milling of steam turbine blade materials - Differences in cutting characteristics of titanium alloy and stainless steel. Advances in Abrasive Technology XIX. Vol. 874 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2016. pp. 445-449 (Materials Science Forum).
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N2 - Titanium alloy and stainless steel are used as steam turbine blade materials. However, their machining efficiency is low because they are difficult-to-cut materials. In particular, the high cutting point temperature and short tool life are major problems. Highspeed milling can reduce the cutting point temperature and tool wear. In this study, highspeed milling of a titanium alloy and stainless steel was investigated for the high-efficiency cutting of a steam turbine blade. In the experiment, workpieces were made of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V and stainless steel 13Cr. The experiment was conducted at cutting speeds from 100 m/min to 600 m/min. The flank wear increased rapidly with increase in the cutting speed. The loss of the coating on the flank of the end mill was confirmed via energy-dispersive Xray spectroscopy analysis. It was demonstrated that the cutting point temperature was higher than the heat resistance temperature of the coating. The cutting point temperature was analyzed using AdvantEdge FEM. It was found that the cutting point temperature at a cutting speed of 350 m/min or more was higher than the heat resistance temperature of the coating. On the other hand, in the case of the stainless steel 13Cr, the flank wear increased in proportion to the cutting speed, and the loss of the coating on the flank of the end mill was also confirmed. However, the loss of the coating was less than that in the case of the titanium alloy. It was found that the high-speed milling of the stainless steel did not reach the heat resistance temperature of the coating. The cutting characteristics of the high-speed milling of the titanium alloy and stainless steel differed, which was mainly attributed to the difference in the thermal conductivity. In the high-speed milling of the titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V and stainless steel 13Cr, it was not possible to determine the factors that result in a low cutting point temperature. If the cutting point temperature is lower than the heat resistance temperature of the coating, high-speed milling may be possible. Therefore, the ways in which the cutting point temperature can be lowered will be examined in the future.

AB - Titanium alloy and stainless steel are used as steam turbine blade materials. However, their machining efficiency is low because they are difficult-to-cut materials. In particular, the high cutting point temperature and short tool life are major problems. Highspeed milling can reduce the cutting point temperature and tool wear. In this study, highspeed milling of a titanium alloy and stainless steel was investigated for the high-efficiency cutting of a steam turbine blade. In the experiment, workpieces were made of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V and stainless steel 13Cr. The experiment was conducted at cutting speeds from 100 m/min to 600 m/min. The flank wear increased rapidly with increase in the cutting speed. The loss of the coating on the flank of the end mill was confirmed via energy-dispersive Xray spectroscopy analysis. It was demonstrated that the cutting point temperature was higher than the heat resistance temperature of the coating. The cutting point temperature was analyzed using AdvantEdge FEM. It was found that the cutting point temperature at a cutting speed of 350 m/min or more was higher than the heat resistance temperature of the coating. On the other hand, in the case of the stainless steel 13Cr, the flank wear increased in proportion to the cutting speed, and the loss of the coating on the flank of the end mill was also confirmed. However, the loss of the coating was less than that in the case of the titanium alloy. It was found that the high-speed milling of the stainless steel did not reach the heat resistance temperature of the coating. The cutting characteristics of the high-speed milling of the titanium alloy and stainless steel differed, which was mainly attributed to the difference in the thermal conductivity. In the high-speed milling of the titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V and stainless steel 13Cr, it was not possible to determine the factors that result in a low cutting point temperature. If the cutting point temperature is lower than the heat resistance temperature of the coating, high-speed milling may be possible. Therefore, the ways in which the cutting point temperature can be lowered will be examined in the future.

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KW - Ti-6Al-4V

KW - Titanium alloy

KW - Work hardening

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