Study to reduce heat loss from solar thermal collector by diminishing natural convection with high-porosity porous medium

Shigeki Hirasawa, Ryohei Tsubota, Tsuyoshi Kawanami, Katsuaki Shirai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We studied the reduction of natural convection heat loss from a solar thermal collector by placing a high-porosity porous medium above the collector plate in a solar thermal collector system. It is known that natural convection can be diminished in a porous medium. In order to use a porous medium in a solar thermal collector, it is necessary to minimize the shading effect of solar radiation caused by the porous medium. In this work, we used a series of offset wire screens made of fine nylon fishing lines of 0.05 mm in diameter with 2-mm pitch and a porosity of 0.999. The experimental apparatus consisted of a copper 300 mm 300 mm collector plate with a selective absorption film on the surface. We measured the inlet solar radiation, the absorbed solar radiation on the collector plate and the collected heat to cooling water under actual sun radiation, and obtained the reduction rate of the convection heat loss from the collector plate and the shading effect. We changed the condition of the porous medium, the temperature of the collector plate, and the inclined angle of the collector plate. Experimental results of the Nusselt number of natural convection in the high-porosity porous medium agreed with the equation proposed by Gupta et al. [10]. The effect of the inclined angle on the Nusselt number was small. The net reduction rate of natural convection heat loss was 7% by placing the high-porosity porous medium above the collector plate when the temperature of the collector plate was 100°C.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHeat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Print)9780791856352
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1
EventASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2013 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2013 Nov 152013 Nov 21

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume8 B

Other

OtherASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2013
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period13/11/1513/11/21

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Keywords

  • Collector efficiency
  • Natural convection
  • Porous media
  • Solar thermal collector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Hirasawa, S., Tsubota, R., Kawanami, T., & Shirai, K. (2013). Study to reduce heat loss from solar thermal collector by diminishing natural convection with high-porosity porous medium. In Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE); Vol. 8 B). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2013-62150