Substrate specificity of angular dioxygenase from carbazole-degrading bacterium Neptuniibacter sp. Strain CAR-SF

Azizah Bt Ahmad, Azham Bin Zulkharnain, Awang Ahmad Sallehin B.Awang Husaini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Carbazole-degrading bacteria have been shown to have broad substrate specificity towards various contaminants. Carbazole 1,9a-dioxygenase (CARDO) from Neptuniibacter sp. Strain CAR-SF composed of terminal oxygenase component CarAa, ferredoxin component CarAc, and ferredoxinreductase component CarAd.Expression vector encoding carbazole 1,9a-dioxygenase (CARDO) from Neptuniibacter sp. Strain CAR-SF CARDO, pETCARA1 was constructed and dioxygenase activity was assessed by monitoring the blue-indigo production in Luria broth media and SDS-PAGE. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis revealed the angular dioxygenation of dibenzofuran at angular position adjacent to oxygen atom to yield 2,2',3-Trihydroxybiphenyl. CARDO also demonstrated activity towards dibenzothiophene and fluorene by converting the substrates into monooxygenation products, dibenzothiophene-5-oxide and 9-Fluorenone respectively. Cis-dihydrodiols and monohydroxylated products were also seen in the biotransformation of naphthalene, biphenyl and fluoranthene. These diverse oxygenations illustrated by CARDO revealed the broad versatility in its action on polyaromatic compounds and thus will make it as an excellent tool for bioremediation application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-388
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Angular dioxygenase
  • Carbazole
  • Carbazole 1,9a-dioxygenase
  • Substrate specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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