Synthesis of cation-intercalated titanate nanobelts

Lei Miao, Sakae Tanemura, Rong Huang, Chengyan Liu, Chun Ming Huang, Gang Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Monovalent, bivalent and trivalent cations of Li +, Sn 2+, Al 3+, Fe 3+ with different values of electronegativity were designed as doped-ions to prepare cations-intercalated titanate nanobelts through ex-situ ion-exchange reaction. XRD results revealed that the d 200 values of layered TNBs decreased as the following sequence: Li-intercalated TNBs > Al-intercalated TNBs > Fe-intercalated TNBs > Sn-intercalated TNBs. The electronegativity differences between respective doped-cations and oxygen can well explain the trend of the reduction of d 200 values for the synthesized layered nanobelts with different cations. The width change of nanobelts depending on intercalated cations showed similar tendency as that of d 200 excluding Sn-intercalated case. That is mostly due to the crystallization of SnO 2 nanoparticles on the nanobelts. Sn 2+ is easily crystallized to form SnO 2 nanoparticles on the surface of TNBs and being considered as unfavorable metal dopant for the present intercalation purpose. The reduction of d 200 values of the doped TNBs from that of the undoped TNBs confirms the intercalation of the doped cations into layered structure. Such simple electronegativitydifference depending mechanism may be convenient for the designing of metal ion intercalation into octahedral TiO 6 layered-oxide materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9267-9273
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Cation-Intercalated
  • Electronegativity Differences
  • Titanate Layered Structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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