Synthesis of quasicrystal phases by mechanical alloying of Ti45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4≤ x ≤16) powder mixtures, and their hydrogen storage properties

Akito Takasaki, Naoki Imai, Kenneth F. Kelton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanical alloying of Ti 45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4 ≤ x ≤ 16) elemental powder mixtures leads to the formation the amorphous phase, but subsequent annealing at 833 K causes the formation of icosahedral (i) quasicrystal and the Ti 2Ni-type crystal phases. The α-Ti phase is also produced in Ti-rich powders after annealing. Both the quasilattice constant of the i-phase and the lattice parameter of the Ti 2Ni-type crystal phase decrease monotonically with increasing substituted amount of Ti because of the smaller radius of the Ti atom. The maximum hydrogen concentration in the i-phase in all powder compacts, after electrochemical hydrogenation in a KOH solution, is almost the same, about 63 at% ([H] / [M] ≈ 1.7). The onset temperature of hydrogen desorption is about 570 K (at a heating rate of 5 K/min) for all powders, but the temperature for the maximum hydrogen desorption rate increases with increasing Ti concentration in the powders, suggesting that some hydrogen atoms might be more strongly bound in the quasilattice where the original Zr sites become occupied by Ti atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
EditorsE. Belin-Ferre, M. Feuerbacher, Y. Ishii, D.J. Sordelet
Pages351-356
Number of pages6
Volume805
Publication statusPublished - 2003
EventQuasicrystals 2003 - Preparation, Properties and Applications - Boston, MA., United States
Duration: 2003 Dec 12003 Dec 3

Other

OtherQuasicrystals 2003 - Preparation, Properties and Applications
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA.
Period03/12/103/12/3

Fingerprint

Quasicrystals
Mechanical alloying
Hydrogen storage
Powders
Hydrogen
Atoms
Desorption
Annealing
Crystals
Heating rate
Hydrogenation
Lattice constants
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Takasaki, A., Imai, N., & Kelton, K. F. (2003). Synthesis of quasicrystal phases by mechanical alloying of Ti45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4≤ x ≤16) powder mixtures, and their hydrogen storage properties In E. Belin-Ferre, M. Feuerbacher, Y. Ishii, & D. J. Sordelet (Eds.), Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings (Vol. 805, pp. 351-356)

Synthesis of quasicrystal phases by mechanical alloying of Ti45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4≤ x ≤16) powder mixtures, and their hydrogen storage properties . / Takasaki, Akito; Imai, Naoki; Kelton, Kenneth F.

Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. ed. / E. Belin-Ferre; M. Feuerbacher; Y. Ishii; D.J. Sordelet. Vol. 805 2003. p. 351-356.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Takasaki, A, Imai, N & Kelton, KF 2003, Synthesis of quasicrystal phases by mechanical alloying of Ti45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4≤ x ≤16) powder mixtures, and their hydrogen storage properties in E Belin-Ferre, M Feuerbacher, Y Ishii & DJ Sordelet (eds), Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. vol. 805, pp. 351-356, Quasicrystals 2003 - Preparation, Properties and Applications, Boston, MA., United States, 03/12/1.
Takasaki A, Imai N, Kelton KF. Synthesis of quasicrystal phases by mechanical alloying of Ti45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4≤ x ≤16) powder mixtures, and their hydrogen storage properties In Belin-Ferre E, Feuerbacher M, Ishii Y, Sordelet DJ, editors, Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. Vol. 805. 2003. p. 351-356
Takasaki, Akito ; Imai, Naoki ; Kelton, Kenneth F. / Synthesis of quasicrystal phases by mechanical alloying of Ti45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4≤ x ≤16) powder mixtures, and their hydrogen storage properties Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings. editor / E. Belin-Ferre ; M. Feuerbacher ; Y. Ishii ; D.J. Sordelet. Vol. 805 2003. pp. 351-356
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abstract = "Mechanical alloying of Ti 45+xZr 38-xNi 17 (-4 ≤ x ≤ 16) elemental powder mixtures leads to the formation the amorphous phase, but subsequent annealing at 833 K causes the formation of icosahedral (i) quasicrystal and the Ti 2Ni-type crystal phases. The α-Ti phase is also produced in Ti-rich powders after annealing. Both the quasilattice constant of the i-phase and the lattice parameter of the Ti 2Ni-type crystal phase decrease monotonically with increasing substituted amount of Ti because of the smaller radius of the Ti atom. The maximum hydrogen concentration in the i-phase in all powder compacts, after electrochemical hydrogenation in a KOH solution, is almost the same, about 63 at{\%} ([H] / [M] ≈ 1.7). The onset temperature of hydrogen desorption is about 570 K (at a heating rate of 5 K/min) for all powders, but the temperature for the maximum hydrogen desorption rate increases with increasing Ti concentration in the powders, suggesting that some hydrogen atoms might be more strongly bound in the quasilattice where the original Zr sites become occupied by Ti atoms.",
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