Template Conversion of Covalent Organic Frameworks into 2D Conducting Nanocarbons for Catalyzing Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Qing Xu, Yanping Tang, Xiaobin Zhang, Yoshifumi Oshima, Qiuhong Chen, Donglin Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)


Progress over the past decades in porous materials has exerted great effect on the design of metal-free carbon electrochemical catalysts in fuel cells. The carbon material must combine three functions, i.e., electrical conductivity for electron transport, optimal pores for ion motion, and abundant heteroatom sites for catalysis. Here, an ideal carbon catalyst is achieved by combining two strategies—the use of a 2D covalent organic framework (COF) and the development of a suitable template to guide the pyrolysis. The COF produces nanosized carbon sheets that combine high conductivity, hierarchical porosity, and abundant heteroatom catalytic edges. The catalysts achieve superior performance to authentic Pt/C with exceptional onset potential (0 V vs −0.03 V), half-wave potentials (−0.11 V vs −0.16 V), high limit current density (7.2 mA cm−2 vs 6.0 mA cm−2), low Tafel slope (110 mV decade−1 vs 121 mV decade−1), long-time stability, and methanol tolerance. These results reveal a novel material platform based on 2D COFs for designing novel 2D carbon materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1706330
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 12
Externally publishedYes



  • 2D carbon
  • covalent organic frameworks
  • heteroatom-doped carbon
  • oxygen reduction reaction
  • template pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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