The ASTRO-H (Hitomi) X-ray astronomy satellite

Tadayuki Takahashi, Motohide Kokubun, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Richard Kelley, Takaya Ohashi, Felix Aharonian, Hiroki Akamatsu, Fumie Akimoto, Steve Allen, Naohisa Anabuki, Lorella Angelini, Keith Arnaud, Makoto Asai, Marc Audard, Hisamitsu Awaki, Magnus Axelsson, Philipp Azzarello, Chris Baluta, Aya Bamba, Nobutaka BandoMarshall Bautz, Thomas Bialas, Roger Blandford, Kevin Boyce, Laura Brenneman, Greg Brown, Esra Bulbul, Edward Cackett, Edgar Canavan, Maria Chernyakova, Meng Chiao, Paolo Coppi, Elisa Costantini, Jelle De Plaa, Jan Willem Den Herder, Michael DiPirro, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, John Doty, Ken Ebisawa, Megan Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Andrew Fabian, Carlo Ferrigno, Adam Foster, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Yasushi Fukazawa, Akihiro Furuzawa, Massimiliano Galeazzi, Luigi Gallo, Poshak Gandhi, Kirk Gilmore, Margherita Giustini, Andrea Goldwurm, Liyi Gu, Matteo Guainazzi, Daniel Haas, Yoshito Haba, Kouichi Hagino, Kenji Hamaguchi, Atsushi Harayama, Ilana Harrus, Isamu Hatsukade, Takayuki Hayashi, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Junko Hiraga, Kazuyuki Hirose, Ann Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, John Hughes, Yuto Ichinohe, Ryo Iizuka, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Hajime Inoue, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Kumi Ishikawa, Kosei Ishimura, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Masayuki Itoh, Naoko Iwata, Naoko Iyomoto, Chris Jewell, Jelle Kaastra, Timothy Kallman, Tuneyoshi Kamae, Erin Kara, Jun Kataoka, Satoru Katsuda, Junichiro Katsuta, Madoka Kawaharada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Taro Kawano, Shigeo Kawasaki, Dmitry Khangulyan, Caroline Kilbourne, Mark Kimball, Ashley King, Takao Kitaguchi, Shunji Kitamoto, Tetsu Kitayama, Takayoshi Kohmura, Tatsuro Kosaka, Alex Koujelev, Katsuji Koyama, Shu Koyama, Peter Kretschmar, Hans Krimm, Aya Kubota, Hideyo Kunieda, Philippe Laurent, François Lebrun, Shiu Hang Lee, Maurice Leutenegger, Olivier Limousin, Michael Loewenstein, Knox Long, David Lumb, Grzegorz Madejski, Yoshitomo Maeda, Daniel Maier, Kazuo Makishima, Maxim Markevitch, Candace Masters, Hironori Matsumoto, Kyoko Matsushita, Dan McCammon, Daniel Mcguinness, Brian McNamara, Missagh Mehdipour, Joseph Miko, Jon Miller, Eric Miller, Shin Mineshige, Kenji Minesugi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Takuya Miyazawa, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Koji Mori, Hideyuki Mori, Franco Moroso, Harvey Moseley, Theodore Muench, Koji Mukai, Hiroshi Murakami, Toshio Murakami, Richard Mushotzky, Housei Nagano, Ryo Nagino, Takao Nakagawa, Hiroshi Nakajima, Takeshi Nakamori, Toshio Nakano, Shinya Nakashima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Yoshiharu Namba, Chikara Natsukari, Yusuke Nishioka, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Kumiko Nobukawa, Hirofumi Noda, Masaharu Nomachi, Steve O'Dell, Hirokazu Odaka, Hiroyuki Ogawa, Mina Ogawa, Keiji Ogi, Masanori Ohno, Masayuki Ohta, Takashi Okajima, Atsushi Okamoto, Tsuyoshi Okazaki, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Frederik Paerels, Stéphane Paltani, Arvind Parmar, Robert Petre, Ciro Pinto, Martin Pohl, James Pontius, F. Scott Porter, Katja Pottschmidt, Brian Ramsey, Christopher Reynolds, Helen Russell, Samar Safi-Harb, Shinya Saito, Shin Ichiro Sakai, Kazuhiro Sakai, Hiroaki Sameshima, Toru Sasaki, Goro Sato, Yoichi Sato, Kosuke Sato, Rie Sato, Makoto Sawada, Norbert Schartel, Peter Serlemitsos, Hiromi Seta, Yasuko Shibano, Maki Shida, Megumi Shidatsu, Takanobu Shimada, Keisuke Shinozaki, Peter Shirron, Aurora Simionescu, Cynthia Simmons, Randall Smith, Gary Sneiderman, Yang Soong, Łukasz Stawarz, Yasuharu Sugawara, Hiroyuki Sugita, Satoshi Sugita, Andrew Szymkowiak, Hiroyasu Tajima, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Shin'ichiro Takeda, Yoh Takei, Toru Tamagawa, Takayuki Tamura, Keisuke Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Yasuo Tanaka, Yasuyuki Tanaka, Makoto Tashiro, Yuzuru Tawara, Yukikatsu Terada, Yuichi Terashima, Francesco Tombesi, Hiroshi Tomida, Yohko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Yasunobu Uchiyama, Hideki Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shutaro Ueda, Shiro Ueno, Shin'ichiro Uno, Meg Urry, Eugenio Ursino, Cor De Vries, Atsushi Wada, Shin Watanabe, Tomomi Watanabe, Norbert Werner, Daniel Wik, Dan Wilkins, Brian Williams, Takahiro Yamada, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Noriko Yamasaki, Makoto Yamauchi, Shigeo Yamauchi, Tahir Yaqoob, Yoichi Yatsu, Daisuke Yonetoku, Atsumasa Yoshida, Takayuki Yuasa, Irina Zhuravleva, Abderahmen Zoghbi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Hitomi (ASTRO-H) mission is the sixth Japanese X-ray astronomy satellite developed by a large international collaboration, including Japan, USA, Canada, and Europe. The mission aimed to provide the highest energy resolution ever achieved at E > 2 keV, using a microcalorimeter instrument, and to cover a wide energy range spanning four decades in energy from soft X-rays to gamma-rays. After a successful launch on 2016 February 17, the spacecraft lost its function on 2016 March 26, but the commissioning phase for about a month provided valuable information on the on-board instruments and the spacecraft system, including astrophysical results obtained from first light observations. The paper describes the Hitomi (ASTRO-H) mission, its capabilities, the initial operation, and the instruments/spacecraft performances confirmed during the commissioning operations for about a month.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
PublisherSPIE
Volume9905
ISBN (Electronic)9781510601895
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 2016 Jun 262016 Jul 1

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period16/6/2616/7/1

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Keywords

  • Gamma-ray
  • Gamma-ray Astronomy
  • Hard X-ray
  • microcalorimeter
  • X-ray
  • X-ray Astronomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Takahashi, T., Kokubun, M., Mitsuda, K., Kelley, R., Ohashi, T., Aharonian, F., Akamatsu, H., Akimoto, F., Allen, S., Anabuki, N., Angelini, L., Arnaud, K., Asai, M., Audard, M., Awaki, H., Axelsson, M., Azzarello, P., Baluta, C., Bamba, A., ... Zoghbi, A. (2016). The ASTRO-H (Hitomi) X-ray astronomy satellite. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray (Vol. 9905). [99050U] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232379