The crystal structures in hydrogen absorption reactions of REMgNi4-based alloys (RE: Rare-earth metals)

Toyoto Sato, Shin Ichi Orimo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

REMgNi4-based alloys, RE(2−x) Mgx Ni4 (RE: rare-earth metals; 0 < x < 2), with a AuBe5-type crystal structure, exhibit reversible hydrogen absorption and desorption reactions, which are known as hydrogen storage properties. These reactions involve formation of three hydride phases. The hydride formation pressures and hydrogen storage capacities are related to the radii of the RE(2−x) Mgx Ni4, which in turn are dependent on the radii and compositional ratios of the RE and Mg atoms. The crystal structures formed during hydrogen absorption reactions are the key to understanding the hydrogen storage properties of RE(2−x) Mgx Ni4. Therefore, in this review, we provide an overview of the crystal structures in the hydrogen absorption reactions focusing on RE(2−x) Mgx Ni4.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8163
JournalEnergies
Volume14
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Crystal structures
  • Hydrides
  • Hydrogen storage materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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