The effects of different thermal pretreatments on the magnetic properties of YBCO MPMG samples

F. Frangi, T. Higuchi, M. Deguchi, M. Murakami

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YBCO MPMG samples, with 40% Y2BaCuO5, (Y-211) phase excess, were prepared using different thermal pretreatments during the temperature increase up to the partially melted state. No temperature gradient was applied during the slow-cooling growth process. Presintered samples turned out to be almost single grain, while all the others were characterized by the presence of a higher number of randomly oriented domains. Presintering favours compositional homogeneity, but, most important, enhances YBa2Cu 3O7-x (Y-123) phase solidification kinetics. Though various samples show similar behaviours, concerning the values of magnetization critical-current densities (Jcm) measured at 77 K (Jcm approximately=104 A cm-2 with B//c, B=1 T), levitation forces are subject to noticeable variations related to granular macrostructures and reach a peak of over 2 kg, at 77 K, in the case of presintered material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number002
Pages (from-to)891-898
Number of pages8
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Dec 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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