The influence of the objective and subjective physical neighbourhood environment on the physical activity of older adults: A case study in the Malaysian Neighbourhoods of Johor Bahru

Nadhirah Nordin, Hitoshi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Physical neighbourhood environments (PNE) can affect the active ageing and physical wellbeing of older residents. This paper examined the PNE objective (PNEO): land use mix entropy, population density, traffic intersection density and distance to facilities; and PNE subjective (PNES): the Neighbourhood EnvironmentWalkability Scale-Abbreviated (NEWS-A): and their relationship with the physical activity (PA) levels of older residents. The PA was measured using an IPAQ questionnaire on 280 older residents in neighbourhoods in the city of Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. Cross-tabulations and correlation analyses were conducted to analyse the significant relationships. It was found that PNEO and PNES in the different housing environments influenced the PA levels of the late middle-aged and young-old adults, that the distance to facilities such as mosques and recreation areas should be less than 200 metres, and that high population density areas in Malaysian neighbourhoods are unsuitable for active ageing lifestyles because of the construction of physical barriers. This research identified the PNEO and PNES indicators for the promotion of an active ageing lifestyle in older residents, which could assist in improving existing housing policies and guidelines on active ageing in Malaysian neighbourhoods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1760
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Active ageing
  • GIS
  • Objective neighbourhood environment
  • Physical activity
  • Physical neighbourhood environment
  • Subjective neighbourhood environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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