The influence of total and directional energy of late sound on listener envelopment

Hiroshi Furuya, Kazutoshi Fujimoto, Akiko Wakuda, Yusuke Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The relation between listener envelopment (LEV) and directional characteristics of late-arriving sound through a series of psycho-acoustical experiments was investigated. Four directional late energy ratio (DLR) were calculated from the overall impulse responses obtained with omni-directional and figure-of-eight microphones in oder to determine the directional property of late sound. The effect of DLR on LEV was also investigated using sound fields with late sounds arriving from oblique directions. The results show that the total late energy affects LEV most strongly when both DLR and TLL are varied in the sound fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-211
Number of pages4
JournalAcoustical Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Concert hall acoustics
  • Directional late sound
  • Psychological experiment
  • Spatial impression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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