Three-dimensional venous anatomy of the dermis observed using stereography

Nobuaki Imanishi, Kazuo Kishi, Hak Chang, Hideo Nakajima, Sadakazu Aiso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Veins of the dermis have been investigated mainly by histological methods in the fields of anatomy and histology, and a large number of schemata of the veins have been depicted in a variety of textbooks. However, the schemata are usually two-dimensional and it is therefore difficult to envisage the actual vasculature of the dermal veins. In this study, we performed a stereographic study of the skin of three fresh cadavers that had been injected with radio-opaque dye, which was dispersed throughout the entire body. A venous network consisting of venous polygons of various sizes existed just under the dermis or in the deep zone of the dermis, which is generally called the subdermal venous plexus. There were many small vessels towards the inside of each venous polygon, and most of them ascended, branching off stereoscopically. Those branches anastomosed with each other, and they formed the dermal and subpapillary venous plexuses. However, there was little vascular connection between dermal venous plexuses of different venous polygons. The characteristic structure of the dermal venous plexus has been considered to bring about venous congestion of the skin in various clinical situations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-673
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Anatomy
Volume212
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

dermis
plexus
polygon
anatomy
skin
skin (animal)
textbook
histology
congestion
dye
vessel
blood vessels
radio
dyes
branching
methodology

Keywords

  • Dermal plexus
  • Dermis
  • Three-dimensional structure
  • Venous anatomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Three-dimensional venous anatomy of the dermis observed using stereography. / Imanishi, Nobuaki; Kishi, Kazuo; Chang, Hak; Nakajima, Hideo; Aiso, Sadakazu.

In: Journal of Anatomy, Vol. 212, No. 5, 01.05.2008, p. 669-673.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Imanishi, Nobuaki ; Kishi, Kazuo ; Chang, Hak ; Nakajima, Hideo ; Aiso, Sadakazu. / Three-dimensional venous anatomy of the dermis observed using stereography. In: Journal of Anatomy. 2008 ; Vol. 212, No. 5. pp. 669-673.
@article{f6a7b7f1d4874255b19ccace2ba1362d,
title = "Three-dimensional venous anatomy of the dermis observed using stereography",
abstract = "Veins of the dermis have been investigated mainly by histological methods in the fields of anatomy and histology, and a large number of schemata of the veins have been depicted in a variety of textbooks. However, the schemata are usually two-dimensional and it is therefore difficult to envisage the actual vasculature of the dermal veins. In this study, we performed a stereographic study of the skin of three fresh cadavers that had been injected with radio-opaque dye, which was dispersed throughout the entire body. A venous network consisting of venous polygons of various sizes existed just under the dermis or in the deep zone of the dermis, which is generally called the subdermal venous plexus. There were many small vessels towards the inside of each venous polygon, and most of them ascended, branching off stereoscopically. Those branches anastomosed with each other, and they formed the dermal and subpapillary venous plexuses. However, there was little vascular connection between dermal venous plexuses of different venous polygons. The characteristic structure of the dermal venous plexus has been considered to bring about venous congestion of the skin in various clinical situations.",
keywords = "Dermal plexus, Dermis, Three-dimensional structure, Venous anatomy",
author = "Nobuaki Imanishi and Kazuo Kishi and Hak Chang and Hideo Nakajima and Sadakazu Aiso",
year = "2008",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00890.x",
language = "English",
volume = "212",
pages = "669--673",
journal = "Journal of Anatomy",
issn = "0021-8782",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three-dimensional venous anatomy of the dermis observed using stereography

AU - Imanishi, Nobuaki

AU - Kishi, Kazuo

AU - Chang, Hak

AU - Nakajima, Hideo

AU - Aiso, Sadakazu

PY - 2008/5/1

Y1 - 2008/5/1

N2 - Veins of the dermis have been investigated mainly by histological methods in the fields of anatomy and histology, and a large number of schemata of the veins have been depicted in a variety of textbooks. However, the schemata are usually two-dimensional and it is therefore difficult to envisage the actual vasculature of the dermal veins. In this study, we performed a stereographic study of the skin of three fresh cadavers that had been injected with radio-opaque dye, which was dispersed throughout the entire body. A venous network consisting of venous polygons of various sizes existed just under the dermis or in the deep zone of the dermis, which is generally called the subdermal venous plexus. There were many small vessels towards the inside of each venous polygon, and most of them ascended, branching off stereoscopically. Those branches anastomosed with each other, and they formed the dermal and subpapillary venous plexuses. However, there was little vascular connection between dermal venous plexuses of different venous polygons. The characteristic structure of the dermal venous plexus has been considered to bring about venous congestion of the skin in various clinical situations.

AB - Veins of the dermis have been investigated mainly by histological methods in the fields of anatomy and histology, and a large number of schemata of the veins have been depicted in a variety of textbooks. However, the schemata are usually two-dimensional and it is therefore difficult to envisage the actual vasculature of the dermal veins. In this study, we performed a stereographic study of the skin of three fresh cadavers that had been injected with radio-opaque dye, which was dispersed throughout the entire body. A venous network consisting of venous polygons of various sizes existed just under the dermis or in the deep zone of the dermis, which is generally called the subdermal venous plexus. There were many small vessels towards the inside of each venous polygon, and most of them ascended, branching off stereoscopically. Those branches anastomosed with each other, and they formed the dermal and subpapillary venous plexuses. However, there was little vascular connection between dermal venous plexuses of different venous polygons. The characteristic structure of the dermal venous plexus has been considered to bring about venous congestion of the skin in various clinical situations.

KW - Dermal plexus

KW - Dermis

KW - Three-dimensional structure

KW - Venous anatomy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=42649117186&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=42649117186&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00890.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00890.x

M3 - Article

VL - 212

SP - 669

EP - 673

JO - Journal of Anatomy

JF - Journal of Anatomy

SN - 0021-8782

IS - 5

ER -