Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving

Toshio Ito, Arata Takata, Kenta Oosawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Automation of vehicles can be expected to improve safety, comfort and efficiency, and is being developed in various countries. Introduction of automated driving can be ranked from 0 to 5 (0: no automation, 1: driver assistance, 2: partial automation, 3: conditional automation, 4: high automation, 5: full automation). Currently, feasible automation levels are considered to be levels 2 or 3, and human manual take-over from the automated system is needed when the automated system exceeds these levels. In this situation, time required for take-over is an important issue. This study focuses on describing driving simulator experimental results of time required for take-over. The experimental scenario is that the automated system finds an object ahead during automated driving on the highway, and issues a take-over request to the driver. The subject driver can be in the following driver situations: hands-on or hands-off the steering, and strong or weak distractions. In these situations, we examine two kinds of take-over time, which are 7 and 5 seconds. The results show all subjects complete take-over actions properly even if the required time is 5 seconds. In this paper, details of these results are described.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition
PublisherSAE International
Volume2016-April
EditionApril
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 5
EventSAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition - Detroit, United States
Duration: 2016 Apr 122016 Apr 14

Other

OtherSAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit
Period16/4/1216/4/14

Fingerprint

Automation
Simulators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Ito, T., Takata, A., & Oosawa, K. (2016). Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving. In SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition (April ed., Vol. 2016-April). SAE International. https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0158

Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving. / Ito, Toshio; Takata, Arata; Oosawa, Kenta.

SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition. Vol. 2016-April April. ed. SAE International, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ito, T, Takata, A & Oosawa, K 2016, Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving. in SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition. April edn, vol. 2016-April, SAE International, SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, United States, 16/4/12. https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0158
Ito T, Takata A, Oosawa K. Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving. In SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition. April ed. Vol. 2016-April. SAE International. 2016 https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-0158
Ito, Toshio ; Takata, Arata ; Oosawa, Kenta. / Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving. SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition. Vol. 2016-April April. ed. SAE International, 2016.
@inproceedings{b225f3aef6604ee3875b10b3513c5f07,
title = "Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving",
abstract = "Automation of vehicles can be expected to improve safety, comfort and efficiency, and is being developed in various countries. Introduction of automated driving can be ranked from 0 to 5 (0: no automation, 1: driver assistance, 2: partial automation, 3: conditional automation, 4: high automation, 5: full automation). Currently, feasible automation levels are considered to be levels 2 or 3, and human manual take-over from the automated system is needed when the automated system exceeds these levels. In this situation, time required for take-over is an important issue. This study focuses on describing driving simulator experimental results of time required for take-over. The experimental scenario is that the automated system finds an object ahead during automated driving on the highway, and issues a take-over request to the driver. The subject driver can be in the following driver situations: hands-on or hands-off the steering, and strong or weak distractions. In these situations, we examine two kinds of take-over time, which are 7 and 5 seconds. The results show all subjects complete take-over actions properly even if the required time is 5 seconds. In this paper, details of these results are described.",
author = "Toshio Ito and Arata Takata and Kenta Oosawa",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "5",
doi = "10.4271/2016-01-0158",
language = "English",
volume = "2016-April",
booktitle = "SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition",
publisher = "SAE International",
edition = "April",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Time Required for Take-over from Automated to Manual Driving

AU - Ito, Toshio

AU - Takata, Arata

AU - Oosawa, Kenta

PY - 2016/4/5

Y1 - 2016/4/5

N2 - Automation of vehicles can be expected to improve safety, comfort and efficiency, and is being developed in various countries. Introduction of automated driving can be ranked from 0 to 5 (0: no automation, 1: driver assistance, 2: partial automation, 3: conditional automation, 4: high automation, 5: full automation). Currently, feasible automation levels are considered to be levels 2 or 3, and human manual take-over from the automated system is needed when the automated system exceeds these levels. In this situation, time required for take-over is an important issue. This study focuses on describing driving simulator experimental results of time required for take-over. The experimental scenario is that the automated system finds an object ahead during automated driving on the highway, and issues a take-over request to the driver. The subject driver can be in the following driver situations: hands-on or hands-off the steering, and strong or weak distractions. In these situations, we examine two kinds of take-over time, which are 7 and 5 seconds. The results show all subjects complete take-over actions properly even if the required time is 5 seconds. In this paper, details of these results are described.

AB - Automation of vehicles can be expected to improve safety, comfort and efficiency, and is being developed in various countries. Introduction of automated driving can be ranked from 0 to 5 (0: no automation, 1: driver assistance, 2: partial automation, 3: conditional automation, 4: high automation, 5: full automation). Currently, feasible automation levels are considered to be levels 2 or 3, and human manual take-over from the automated system is needed when the automated system exceeds these levels. In this situation, time required for take-over is an important issue. This study focuses on describing driving simulator experimental results of time required for take-over. The experimental scenario is that the automated system finds an object ahead during automated driving on the highway, and issues a take-over request to the driver. The subject driver can be in the following driver situations: hands-on or hands-off the steering, and strong or weak distractions. In these situations, we examine two kinds of take-over time, which are 7 and 5 seconds. The results show all subjects complete take-over actions properly even if the required time is 5 seconds. In this paper, details of these results are described.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84975318134&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84975318134&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4271/2016-01-0158

DO - 10.4271/2016-01-0158

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 2016-April

BT - SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition

PB - SAE International

ER -