Tuning the microstructure and vortex pinning properties of YBCO-based superconducting nanocomposite films by controlling the target rotation speed

Alok K. Jha, Kaname Matsumoto, Tomoya Horide, Shrikant Saini, Paolo Mele, Yutaka Yoshida, Satoshi Awaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


We report the controlled incorporation of perovskite, BaSnO3 (BSO), and double-perovskite, YBa2NbO6 (YBNO), nanocolumnar structures into a YBa2Cu3O 7-δ (YBCO) film matrix by controlling the target rotation speed. A surface modified target approach has been employed to deposit YBCO+BSO and YBCO+YBNO nanocomposite films using a laser ablation technique. The effect of target rotation speed on the microstructure and subsequently on the superconducting properties has been studied in detail. The density of BSO and YBNO nanocolumnar structures is found to depend on the target rotation speed, which subsequently affects the vortex pinning properties of the superconducting films in the absence and presence of applied magnetic fields. Three rotation speeds, 3, 2 and 1 s/rot., have been attempted in this study. Compared to pure YBCO, the YBCO+BSO and YBCO+YBNO nanocomposite films exhibit superior in-field critical current density (JC) and also exhibit a strong JC peak for H ∥ c-axis, indicating strong c-axis pinning. The irreversibility line has also been found to improve significantly in the nanocomposite films. For both the target combinations (YBCO+BSO and YBCO+YBNO), the target rotation speed of 2 s/rot. has been found to give the optimum superconducting properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025009
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes



  • nanocomposite
  • surface modified target
  • vortex pinning
  • YBCO thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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