Turing test considered mostly harmless

Daniel Berrar, Akihiko Konagaya, Alfons Schuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Turing's landmark paper on computing machinery and intelligence is multifaceted and has an underemphasized ethical dimension. Turing's notion of "intelligence" and "thinking" was far more encompassing than the common anthropocentric view may suggest. We discuss a number of open and underrated problems that the common interpretation of the Turing test as a test of machine intelligence entails. We suggest that a more meaningful question than "Can machines think?" is whether modern computing machinery can amplify human intelligence. We cite examples ranging from traditional silicon-based environments to carbon-based, living organisms in order to illustrate that this kind of intelligence amplification is indeed happening today. We conclude that in its interpretation as a test of machine intelligence, the Turing test may indeed be harmful for artificial intelligence (AI); in its wider interpretation, however, it remains an inspiring source for philosophy and AI alike.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-263
Number of pages23
JournalNew Generation Computing
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Machinery
Artificial intelligence
Amplification
Silicon
Carbon

Keywords

  • Creativity
  • Imitation Game
  • Intelligence Amplification
  • Machine Intelligence
  • Turing Test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Berrar, D., Konagaya, A., & Schuster, A. (2013). Turing test considered mostly harmless. New Generation Computing, 31(4), 241-263. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00354-013-0401-2

Turing test considered mostly harmless. / Berrar, Daniel; Konagaya, Akihiko; Schuster, Alfons.

In: New Generation Computing, Vol. 31, No. 4, 10.2013, p. 241-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Berrar, D, Konagaya, A & Schuster, A 2013, 'Turing test considered mostly harmless', New Generation Computing, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 241-263. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00354-013-0401-2
Berrar, Daniel ; Konagaya, Akihiko ; Schuster, Alfons. / Turing test considered mostly harmless. In: New Generation Computing. 2013 ; Vol. 31, No. 4. pp. 241-263.
@article{f7c4d488615e4c3298b3ae537ec67564,
title = "Turing test considered mostly harmless",
abstract = "Turing's landmark paper on computing machinery and intelligence is multifaceted and has an underemphasized ethical dimension. Turing's notion of {"}intelligence{"} and {"}thinking{"} was far more encompassing than the common anthropocentric view may suggest. We discuss a number of open and underrated problems that the common interpretation of the Turing test as a test of machine intelligence entails. We suggest that a more meaningful question than {"}Can machines think?{"} is whether modern computing machinery can amplify human intelligence. We cite examples ranging from traditional silicon-based environments to carbon-based, living organisms in order to illustrate that this kind of intelligence amplification is indeed happening today. We conclude that in its interpretation as a test of machine intelligence, the Turing test may indeed be harmful for artificial intelligence (AI); in its wider interpretation, however, it remains an inspiring source for philosophy and AI alike.",
keywords = "Creativity, Imitation Game, Intelligence Amplification, Machine Intelligence, Turing Test",
author = "Daniel Berrar and Akihiko Konagaya and Alfons Schuster",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1007/s00354-013-0401-2",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "241--263",
journal = "New Generation Computing",
issn = "0288-3635",
publisher = "Springer Japan",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Turing test considered mostly harmless

AU - Berrar, Daniel

AU - Konagaya, Akihiko

AU - Schuster, Alfons

PY - 2013/10

Y1 - 2013/10

N2 - Turing's landmark paper on computing machinery and intelligence is multifaceted and has an underemphasized ethical dimension. Turing's notion of "intelligence" and "thinking" was far more encompassing than the common anthropocentric view may suggest. We discuss a number of open and underrated problems that the common interpretation of the Turing test as a test of machine intelligence entails. We suggest that a more meaningful question than "Can machines think?" is whether modern computing machinery can amplify human intelligence. We cite examples ranging from traditional silicon-based environments to carbon-based, living organisms in order to illustrate that this kind of intelligence amplification is indeed happening today. We conclude that in its interpretation as a test of machine intelligence, the Turing test may indeed be harmful for artificial intelligence (AI); in its wider interpretation, however, it remains an inspiring source for philosophy and AI alike.

AB - Turing's landmark paper on computing machinery and intelligence is multifaceted and has an underemphasized ethical dimension. Turing's notion of "intelligence" and "thinking" was far more encompassing than the common anthropocentric view may suggest. We discuss a number of open and underrated problems that the common interpretation of the Turing test as a test of machine intelligence entails. We suggest that a more meaningful question than "Can machines think?" is whether modern computing machinery can amplify human intelligence. We cite examples ranging from traditional silicon-based environments to carbon-based, living organisms in order to illustrate that this kind of intelligence amplification is indeed happening today. We conclude that in its interpretation as a test of machine intelligence, the Turing test may indeed be harmful for artificial intelligence (AI); in its wider interpretation, however, it remains an inspiring source for philosophy and AI alike.

KW - Creativity

KW - Imitation Game

KW - Intelligence Amplification

KW - Machine Intelligence

KW - Turing Test

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84892160649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84892160649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00354-013-0401-2

DO - 10.1007/s00354-013-0401-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84892160649

VL - 31

SP - 241

EP - 263

JO - New Generation Computing

JF - New Generation Computing

SN - 0288-3635

IS - 4

ER -