Using a life cycle assessment method to determine the environmental impacts of manure utilisation

Biogas plant and composting systems

T. Hishinuma, H. Kurishima, C. Yang, Y. Genchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to use life cycle assessment methods to determine the environmental impacts of manure utilisation by a biogas plant and by a typical manure composting system. The functional unit was defined as the average annual manure utilisation on a dairy farm with 100 cows. The environmental impact categories chosen were emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and acidification gases (AG). The GHG emissions were estimated as: 345.9 t CO 2-equivalents (e) for solid composting (case 1), 625.4 t CO 2-e for solid and liquid composting (case 2), and 86.3-90.1 t CO 2-e for the biogas plant system. The AG emissions were estimated as: 10.1 t SO2-e for case 1, 18.4 t SO2-e for case 2, and 13.1-24.2 t SO2-e for the biogas plant system. These results show that a biogas plant system produces low GHG emissions, but comparatively high AG emissions with land application. It is suggested that land application using band spread or shallow injection attachments will decrease AG emissions (NH 3) from biogas plant systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-92
Number of pages4
JournalAustralian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
Volume48
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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life cycle assessment
biogas
composting
environmental impact
gas emissions
acidification
greenhouse gas emissions
land application
functional unit (life cycle assessment)
methodology
dairy farming
gases
injection
cows
liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

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