Anatomy of the superficial temporal artery and vein was analyzed with arteriograms, venograms, and arteriovenograms of fresh cadavers that had been injected with contrast medium, The superficial temporal artery always divided into two major branches: the frontal and parietal branches. However, the superficial temporal vein divided into one, two, or three major branches. The distribution area of the major branches of the superficial temporal vein was larger than that of major branches of the superficial temporal artery, and arteriovenograms clearly demonstrated that, except for its proximal portion, the superficial temporal vein was independent of the superficial temporal artery. The frontal and parietal branches of the superficial temporal artery had thin venae comitantes that originated from the proximal portion of the superficial temporal vein, and the venae comitantes gave off branches toward the skin and the underlying soft tissue. Branches to the skin anastomosed with a superficial venous network in the skin layer, which was formed by ramifications of the superficial temporal vein, The venous architecture of the temporal and parietal regions consisted of cutaneous veins and venae comitantes and was basically similar to that of the forearm and scapular region.
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