WFUMB guidelines and recommendations for clinical use of ultrasound elastography: Part 3: Liver

Giovanna Ferraioli, Carlo Filice, Laurent Castera, Byung Ihn Choi, Ioan Sporea, Stephanie R. Wilson, David Cosgrove, Christoph F. Dietrich, Dominique Amy, Jeffrey C. Bamber, Richard Barr, Yi Hong Chou, Hong Ding, Andre Farrokh, Mireen Friedrich-Rust, Timothy J. Hall, Kazutaka Nakashima, Kathryn R. Nightingale, Mark L. Palmeri, Fritz SchaferTsuyoshi Shiina, Shinichi Suzuki, Masatoshi Kudo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

452 Citations (Scopus)


The World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB) has produced these guidelines for the use of elastography techniques in liver disease. For each available technique, the reproducibility, results, and limitations are analyzed, and recommendations are given. Finally, recommendations based on the international literature and the findings of the WFUMB expert group are established as answers to common questions. The document has a clinical perspective and is aimed at assessing the usefulness of elastography in the management of liver diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1179
Number of pages19
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Elastography
  • Focal liver lesions
  • Guidelines
  • Liver
  • Liver diseases
  • Liver fibrosis
  • Liver stiffness
  • Shear wave elastography
  • Strain elastography
  • Transient elastography
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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