Sidegating (backgating) effects in a planar structure with sidegate on the same side as MESFET are studied by two-dimensional simulation and the results are compared with those for a structure with a backgate on the back side of the substrate. The kink-related sidegating is reproduced in the planar structure, too. Its mechanism is discussed and is attributed to the change of EL2's role from an electron trap to a recombination center by capturing holes, which are generated by impact ionization and flow into the semi-insulating substrate including EL2 (deep donor). The dependence of shallow acceptor density in the semi-insulating substrate is also studied. It is shown that the kink-related sidegating is less remarkable in the case with lower acceptor density in the substrate. Potential dependence of sidegating effects on the sidegate (backgate) position is also discussed.
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