A short review on electrochemical exfoliation of graphene and graphene quantum dots

Wan Hazman Danial, Noriliya Aina Norhisham, Ahmad Fakhrurrazi Ahmad Noorden, Zaiton Abdul Majid, Kazunari Matsumura, Anwar Iqbal

研究成果: Review article査読

抄録

The synthesis of graphene and graphene quantum dots (GQDs) employing various approaches with a range of precursors, chemicals, and parameters has been reported. Most of the top-down and bottom-up techniques employ strong and hazardous chemical environments, complicated and tedious procedures, are time-consuming, and often require special equipment. Another drawback of the techniques reported is the production of agglomerated, inhomogeneous, and non-dispersible graphene in aqueous solvents or organic solvents, thus limiting its application. This work specifically and comprehensively describes the electrochemical exfoliation of graphene and GQDs, which is often considered as a simple one-step, facile, non-hazardous, and highly efficient technique yet favourable for mass production. A brief discussion on the advantageous and challenges of the electrochemical technique and applications of the electrochemically exfoliated graphene and GQDs is also presented.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)371-388
ページ数18
ジャーナルCarbon Letters
31
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • セラミックおよび複合材料
  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • プロセス化学およびプロセス工学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学
  • 材料化学

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