Objective: The aim of this study is to demonstrate an adaptive method that is robust toward environmental fluctuations and provides a real-time measure of plant growth by measuring CO2 consumption. To verify the validity of the proposed method, the relation between the plant growth and variation in light conditions with a closed experimental system was investigated. Results: The proposed method was used to measure the photosynthetic rate induced by photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) and to evaluate plant growth under continuous and pulsed light in arugula plants. The PPFD-dependent change in photosynthetic rate was measured. And in the condition range of 200–10,000 μs pulse period and 50% duty ratio of pulsed light, there was no change in the growth rate of plants assuming the same PPFD as continuous light. These experiments showed the validity of the adaptive method in removing environmental fluctuations without precise control of temperature and humidity.
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