We propose a sketch-based interface for modeling the myocardial fiber orientation required in the electrophysiological simulation of the heart, especially the ventricles. The user can create a volumetric vector field that represents the myocardial fiber orientation in two steps. First, a depth field over the three-dimensional (3D) ventricular model is defined to create layers of myocardium. The user can then peel these layers and draw strokes on them to specify the myocardial fiber orientation in each layer. We represent the 3D ventricular model as a tetrahedral mesh and perform Laplacian smoothing over the mesh vertices to interpolate the vector field defined by the user-drawn strokes. Our method also allows the user to perform deformations on volumetric models of myocardial fiber orientation, which is very important for studying heart disease associated with morphological abnormalities. We created several examples of myocardial fiber orientation and applied them to a simplified simulator to demonstrate the effectiveness of our method.
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