Alumina reduction by laser ablation using a continuous-wave CO2 laser toward lunar resource utilization

S. Tanaka, Shin Yamada, R. Soga, Kimiya Komurasaki, Rei Kawashima, Hiroyuki Koizumi

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Aiming at development of a new method of alumina reduction that is useful for ore mined from the moon, experiments of alumina reduction using CW laser ablation were conducted with a kW-class CW CO2 laser with 400–2000 W power. After a laser beam was focused on a sintered alumina rod, the surface was heated to a temperature necessary for ablation of alumina. Ambient pressure in the test chamber was controlled by supplying Ar gas at 0–0.30 atm, 0.50 atm and 1.0 atm initially, with gas evacuated using a rotary vacuum pump. Under those conditions, an ablation plume was ejected continuously from the sintered alumina rod surface, which was not observed in vacuum. Ambient pressure was increased to 0.40 atm, 0.65 atm, and 1.2 atm. Moreover, emission spectra from the ablation plume were measured; Al I line spectra were detected. Results show that alumina reduction occurred without reducing stores. The equilibrium temperature varied with ambient pressure and laser intensity: 3100–3700 K. Molar reduction of 9.7% and energy conversion efficiency of 0.64% were achieved. Further improvement of the molar reduction percentage can be achieved using increased laser intensity and ambient pressure.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)495-499
ページ数5
ジャーナルVacuum
167
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 9月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 器械工学
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜

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