Amine functionalized ZIF-8 as a visible-light-driven photocatalyst for Cr(VI) reduction

Chechia Hu, Yu Chi Huang, Ai Lun Chang, Mikihiro Nomura


44 被引用数 (Scopus)


Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) is one of the most toxic and carcinogenic species known to living beings, the environment, and our eco-system. Thus, it is urgent to develop a facile and effective approach for Cr(VI) removal. Zinc-based zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-8), a typical metal organic framework, have high porosity, large specific surface area, high chemical stability, and abundant surface grafting sites. These sites can be easily modified with ethylenediamine (EDA) using a solvothermal process to generate a material that can serve as a potential candidate for photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction under visible light irradiation. Various EDA contents and synthetic conditions were adopted in an attempt to investigate the correlation between ZIF-8 amine-functionalization and photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction. The amine functionalization and the grafting sites on ZIF-8 were determined to be located at the –CH3 site of the 2-methylimidazole chains via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). Under optimum conditions, amine-functionalized ZIF-8 exhibited a normalized rate constant (k/specific surface area, kSSA), which was 9.8 times higher than that of unmodified ZIF-8 one for photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction. The increased catalytic activity and range of visible light absorption of amine-functionalized ZIF-8 can be attributed to the increase in electron density due to the lone pairs of the surface grafted amines. In summary, amine-functionalized ZIF-8 could serve as a promising visible-light-active photocatalyst for environmental remediation.

ジャーナルJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 10 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 生体材料
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • コロイド化学および表面化学


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