Analysis of neurons created from wild-type and Alzheimer's mutation knock-in embryonic stem cells by a highly efficient differentiation protocol

Yoichiro Abe, Keisuke Kouyama, Taisuke Tomita, Yusuke Tomita, Norimitsu Ban, Mikiro Nawa, Masaaki Matsuoka, Takako Niikura, Sadakazu Aiso, Yoshiko Kita, Takeshi Iwatsubo, Ikuo Nishimoto

研究成果: Article

22 引用 (Scopus)

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It is impossible to obtain and amplify live neurons from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. To establish the neurons harboring AD abnormality, we constructed mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, in which the AD-causative V642I mutation was introduced to the endogenous amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene, in combination with a protocol to efficiently differentiate ES cells into postmitotic neurons without using a cell sorter. By this protocol, ES cells differentiated into >90% of the central type of adult postmitotic neurons. Neurons derived from V642I-APP knock-in ES cells were indistinguishable from wild-type ES-derived neurons, as determined by the expression of various markers for neuronal differentiation. Notably, V642I-APP knock-in ES cell-derived neurons exhibited significantly increased secretion of Aβ42 without AD-related hyperphosphorylation of tau, indicating that the direct output of the AD-causative mutation is increased Aβ42 secretion. In this study, we analyze created neurons with wild-type and AD genotypes and propose a new strategy for generating neurons for any dominantly inherited neurodegenerative diseases. The strategy can be applied to create human neurons with AD or any other neurodegenerative disease by using human ES cells.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)8513-8525
ページ数13
ジャーナルJournal of Neuroscience
23
発行部数24
出版物ステータスPublished - 2003 9 17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Abe, Y., Kouyama, K., Tomita, T., Tomita, Y., Ban, N., Nawa, M., Matsuoka, M., Niikura, T., Aiso, S., Kita, Y., Iwatsubo, T., & Nishimoto, I. (2003). Analysis of neurons created from wild-type and Alzheimer's mutation knock-in embryonic stem cells by a highly efficient differentiation protocol. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(24), 8513-8525.