In recent years, there have been sporadic incidents of traffic accidents caused by epilepsy. We investigated the real state of these cases and the criminal liability of drivers. We study twenty-two cases dating from 1966 to 2011. Though the Traffic Road Law, which was changed in 2002, enabled epileptics to obtain a driver's license, none of the drivers declared their pre-existing epileptic condition. Seventeen drivers (77.3%) were prosecuted, and five drivers (22.7%) were not prosecuted. Fourteen (82.4%) of the seventeen cases that were handed down a sentence resulted in convictions. The sentencing appears to have become more severe as the years pass. The majority of the drivers continued driving, although they were advised to refrain from doing so by doctors. We think that it is necessary to establish a system to evaluate driving skills. Moreover, it is important to enlighten doctors so that they are better able to advise patients whether it is safe to drive.
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