Antioxidant effects of polyphenols in chocolate on low-density lipoprotein both in vitro and ex vivo

R. Hirano, N. Osakabe, T. Iwamoto, A. Matsumoto, M. Natsume, T. Takizawa, O. Igarashi, H. Itakura, K. Kondo

研究成果: Article

28 引用 (Scopus)

抜粋

Cacao is rich in polyphenols such as (-)-epicatechin, and a colored component of cacao (cacao-red) is polyphenol, which is an antioxidant. These properties stimulated an investigation of the effects of cacao liquor polyphenols (CLP) on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. The 2,2'-azobis(4-methoxy-2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) (AMVNCH3O)-induced oxidizability of LDL was assessed by monitoring the absorbance at 234 nm. In vitro, 0.1-0.5 mg/dL CLP prolonged the oxidation lag time of LDL in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the controls, it was prolonged 1.7-fold in the presence of O.1 mg/dL CLP, 2.9-fold at 0.2 mg/dL, 3.8-fold at 0.3 mg/dL, 5.4-fold at 0.4 mg/dL, and 6.4-fold at 0.5 mg/dL. Furthermore, we enlisted 13 male volunteers to consume 35 g delipidated cocoa. Venous blood samples were taken before and at 2 h and 4 h after consuming the cocoa. The oxidation lag time of LDL before cocoa ingestion was 59.0 ± 6.3 min, but it was prolonged at 2 h after cocoa (68.3 ± 6.0 min); before returning to the initial lag time (61.7 ± 5.7 min) before consumption. Thus we have shown that cocoa inhibited LDL oxidation both in vitro and ex vivo.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)199-204
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of nutritional science and vitaminology
46
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2000 1 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

これを引用

Hirano, R., Osakabe, N., Iwamoto, T., Matsumoto, A., Natsume, M., Takizawa, T., Igarashi, O., Itakura, H., & Kondo, K. (2000). Antioxidant effects of polyphenols in chocolate on low-density lipoprotein both in vitro and ex vivo. Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 46(4), 199-204. https://doi.org/10.3177/jnsv.46.199