A new molecular design of fullerene derivatives exhibiting trigger-responsive self-aggregation in organic solvents has been established. Calixarene was covalently connected with fullerene in order to apply host-guest interaction to the aggregation control. The self-assembly behaviour was studied in organic solvents by UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. Results show that the bisfullerene formed self-aggregations with a low polydispersity index due to the fullerenes' tendency to aggregate in polar organic solvents. Furthermore, the aggregate sizes can be changed readily by solvent composition and the addition of guest cations. Especially, disaggregation of the bisfullerene was induced by addition of LiClO4 or NaClO4.
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