Controllable fabrication of carbon aerogels

Ya'ning Feng, Lei Miao, Sakae Tanemura, Masaki Tanemura, Kenzi Suzuki

研究成果: Article査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Nano-pore carbon aerogels were prepared by the sol-gel polymerization of resorcinol (1, 3-di-hydroxybenzene)(C6H4(OH)2) with formaldehyde (HCHO) in a slightly basic aqueous solution, followed by super-critical drying under liquid carbon dioxide as super-critical media and carbonization at 700°C under N2 gas atmosphere. The key of the work is to fabricate carbon aerogels with controllable nano-pore structure, which means extremely high surface area and sharp pore size distribution. Aiming to investigate the effects of preparation conditions on the gelation process, the bulk density, and the physical and chemical structure of the resultant carbon aerogels, the molar ratio of R/C (resorcinol to catalyst) and the amount of distilled water were varied, consequently two different sets of samples, with series of R/C ratio and RF/W (Resorcinol-Formaldehyde to water, or the content of reactant) ratio, were prepared. The result of N2 ad-sorption/desorption experiment at 77 K shows that the pore sizes decreasing from 11.4 down to 2.2 nm with the increasing of the molar ratio of R/C from 100 to 400, and/or, the pore sizes decreasing from 3.8 down to 1.6 nm with the increasing of reactant content from 0.4 to 0.6.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)284-288
ページ数5
ジャーナルRare Metals
25
6 SUPPL. 1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 10月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 金属および合金
  • 材料化学

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