This paper addresses bandwidth allocation to multiple light detection and ranging (LIDAR) sensors for smart monitoring, which a limited communication capacity is available to transmit a large volume of point-cloud data from the sensors to an edge server in real time. To deal with the limited capacity of the communication channel, we propose a bandwidth-allocation scheme that assigns multiple point-cloud compression formats to each LIDAR sensor in accordance with the spatial importance of the point-cloud data transmitted by the sensor. Spatial importance is determined by estimating how objects, such as cars, trucks, bikes, and pedestrians, are likely to exist since regions where objects are more likely to exist are more useful for smart monitoring. A numerical study using a real point-cloud dataset obtained at an intersection indicates that the proposed scheme is superior to the benchmarks in terms of the distributions of data volumes among LIDAR sensors and quality of point-cloud data received by the edge server.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ サイエンス（全般）