Decay of Phase-Imprinted Dark Soliton in Bose–Einstein Condensate at Nonzero Temperature

Hiroki Ohya, Shohei Watabe, Tetsuro Nikuni

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We study relaxation dynamics of dark soliton, created by a phase-imprinted method, in a two-dimensional trapped Bose–Einstein condensate at nonzero temperatures by using the projected Gross–Pitaevskii equation. At absolute zero temperature, a dark soliton is known to decay with a snake instability. At nonzero temperature, as expected, we find that this snake instability cannot be seen as clearly as in the absolute zero temperature case because of the presence of thermal fluctuations. We find that the energy dependence of the decay rate, defined by the half-life of the fidelity with respect to the phase-imprinted initial state, shows a power law decay and approaches a nonzero value in the large energy limit.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)140-146
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Low Temperature Physics
196
1-2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 7月 15
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 原子分子物理学および光学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学

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