Morphology of Gd2BaCuO5 (Gd-211) secondary phase particles in an oxygen-controlled-melt-growth processed (Nd0.33Eu0.33Gd0.33)Ba2 Cu3Oy + 0.5 mol% of Pt (NEG-123) was studied as a function of varying amount (0-3 mol%) of CeO2. Optical and scanning electron microscopy revealed that sub-micron Gd-211 particles were distributed uniformly throughout the NEG-123 matrix for additions of up to 2 mol% of CeO2. With increasing CeO2 content the critical current density, Jc, increased particularly at low magnetic fields. The maximum value of Jc was achieved for 1 mol% CeO2 and reached 100 kA cm-2 at zero field and 77 K. The improved low-field critical current density is attributed to the refinement of Gd-211 particles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering