We investigated the effect of growth temperature on the characteristics of YBa2Cu3Oy (Y-123) bulk superconductor prepared by seeded infiltration process. Homemade Y2BaCuO5 "Y-211" particles and liquid phase of Ba3Cu 5O8 were used to produce Y-123 bulks in air such that the liquid phase infiltrates into a Y-211 block. Y-123 samples of 20 mm diameter and 8 mm thickness were produced at different growth temperatures, i.e., 990, 985, 983, 980 and 978 °C with the same holding time of 25 h. We found that single grain growth without multi-nucleation occurred at 980 °C. Further, magnetization measurements indicated a sharp superconducting transition with Tc (onset) around 93.2 K. Trapped field measurements showed that the samples are single domain, and the sample 27 mm in diameter and 5 mm in thickness showed the maximum trapped field of around 0.45 T on the sample surface at 77 K. The critical current density (Jc) at 77 K and zero field was determined to be 175 kA/cm2, which is the highest value ever reported in the literature.
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