Effect of rare-earth Sm3+ substitution on the superconducting properties of the Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca2-xSmxCu3Oy system

K. Nanda Kishore, M. Muralidhar, V. Hari Babu, O. Peña, M. Sergent, F. Bénière

研究成果: Article査読

38 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The superconducting properties of the Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca2-xSmxCu3Oy system have been investigated by X-ray diffraction, electrical resistance, AC susceptibility and DC magnetization. Substitution of diluted quantities of Sm3+ for Ca2+ is found to change drastically the superconducting properties of the system, despite the weak paramagnetic nature of the Sm3+ ion. X-ray diffraction results show that the volume fraction of the high-Tc (2:2:2:3) phase decreases and that of the low-Tc (2:2:1:2) phase increases as the samarium concentration increases from x=0 to 0.05. At higher samarium concentrations, i.e. for x=0.075 and 0.1, only the low-Tc phase exists. AC susceptibility measurements (χ′ versus T) show that Tc onset does not change up to x=0.02, and then decreases down to 100 K for x=0.1. The loss peak (χ″ versus T) decreases from 108 to 104 K for x=0 to x=0.02, while for higher Sm concentrations, the χ″ peak decreases more significantly. The same trend was observed by resistivity measurements and can be explained on the basis of granular superconductivity. Magnetization measurements show that the superconducting volume (slope dM dH) decreases with increasing samarium concentration. These results show that the Ca2+→Sm3+ substitution changes the hole carrier concentration, which in turn lowers Tc and decreases the volume fraction of the superconducting phase.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)299-304
ページ数6
ジャーナルPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
204
3-4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1993 1月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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