Corrosion resistant films with almost the same film thickness were prepared on the magnesium alloy AZ61 by steam coating at different vapor pressure and treatment times. The effect of the vapor pressure on the structures and the corrosion resistance of the films was investigated by using FE-SEM, SEM-EDX, GAXRD, and potentiodynamic polarization curve measurements in a 3.5 mass percentage NaCl aqueous solution. These studies clarified that the interlayers of Mg-Al Layered Double Hydroxide (LDHs) increased and its structure became non-uniform with an increase in the vapor pressure. The corrosion current density slightly increased with an increase in the vapor pressure during the treatment, but pitting corrosion occurred at both low and high vapor pressures. These results indicate that water molecules were pushed into an interlayer of Mg-Al LDHs by high vapor pressure. Consequently, the interlayer distance of Mg-Al LDH was widened and the cracks were generated in the anti-corrosive film. On the other hand, the Mg-Al LDH with an insufficiently large interlayer distance could not fill the cracks in the Mg(OH)2 crystallites and caused pitting corrosion when the vapor pressure was low.
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