Efficiency Enhancement of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells Using Microwave-Exfoliated Few-Layer Black Phosphorus

Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Sherif Abdulkader Tawfik, Marco Fronzi, Michael J. Ford, Cameron J. Shearer, Le Ping Yu, Mahnaz Dadkhah, Jason R. Gascooke, Christopher T. Gibson, Joseph G. Shapter

研究成果: Article査読

36 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Carbon nanotube-silicon (CNT-Si)-based heterojunction solar cells (HJSCs) are a promising photovoltaic (PV) system. Herein, few-layer black phosphorus (FL-BP) sheets are produced in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) using microwave-assisted liquid-phase exfoliation and introduced into the CNTs-Si-based HJSCs for the first time. The NMP-based FL-BP sheets remain stable after mixing with aqueous CNT dispersion for device fabrication. Due to their unique 2D structure and p-type dominated conduction, the FL-BP/NMP incorporated CNT-Si devices show an impressive improvement in the power conversion efficiency from 7.52% (control CNT-Si cell) to 9.37%. Our density-functional theory calculation reveals that lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of FL-BP is higher in energy than that of single-walled CNT. Therefore, we observed a reduction in the orbitals localized on FL-BP upon highest occupied molecular orbital to LUMO transition, which corresponds to an improved charge transport. This study opens a new avenue in utilizing 2D phosphorene nanosheets for next-generation PVs.

本文言語English
論文番号1704488
ジャーナルAdvanced Functional Materials
27
48
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 12月 22
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学

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