An electrochemical dual transducer (ECDT) based on a chemical reaction is a new fluidic machine for self-sensing actuation. Recently, incorporating sensors has enhanced the multifunctionality of soft robots with fluidic machines such as pumps or compressors. However, conventional fluidic systems have limitations such as heavy weight, noise, bloat, and complexity. In our previous research, we adopted small-sized, lightweight, and quiet electrohydrodynamic pumps for soft robots. In this paper, we propose a new ECDT by exploring the possibility of an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pump to sense the flow of the working fluid. The current in the ECDT is proportional to 1/3 of the inflowing velocity. We also clarify its mechanism, mathematical model, range of detectable flow rate, sensitivity factor, relaxation time, response speed, and pumping characteristics. The advantages of the ECDT are their small size, light weight, simple fabrication process, extensibility of the sensing range, and sensitivity. We also demonstrate a suction cup driven by the ECDT, which can detect, hold, and release objects. We expect a bidirectional ECDT will realize a small, multifunctional, and straightforward fluidic system.
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