Ethanol/water transport through silicalite membranes

Mikihiro Nomura, Takeo Yamaguchi, Sin Ichi Nakao

研究成果: Article査読

125 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Transport mechanism of ethanol/water mixtures by pervaporation and vapor permeation through silicalite membrane was investigated. The activities of both ethanol and water in feed were controlled independently by vapor permeation to study the feed composition effects quantitatively. Also, adsorption experiments of single component and binary mixtures were carried out to measure the adsorbed mixture composition in the silicalite membrane. Ethanol permeance was independent of water concentration in feed. Water permeance, however, seriously decreased by the presence of ethanol in feed, and water permeation was restricted by ethanol. The adsorption-diffusion model was considered for the transport mechanism through the silicalite membrane. Ethanol selectively adsorbed to silicalite membrane from ethanol/water vapor. The diffusion coefficients of water and ethanol were calculated based on the adsorption-diffusion model, and the results showed almost the same diffusivity between the single component and mixture feed case. Thus, high ethanol selective permeation through the silicalite membrane was explained by the ethanol selective adsorption to the silicalite membrane.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)161-171
ページ数11
ジャーナルJournal of Membrane Science
144
1-2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1998 6月 10
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • ろ過および分離

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