Complex hydrides are well-known reducing agents and hydrogen storage materials and have recently attracted attention as ionic conductors. To expand the application scope of complex hydrides, physically well-defined epitaxial films that can investigate intrinsic properties and interfacial effects are essential. However, fabricating the epitaxial films of complex hydrides is difficult because of the difficulty in maintaining [BH4]- complex anions during deposition. Herein, we present the fabrication and growth orientation control of NaBH4 epitaxial thin films, whereby an infrared pulsed laser was used to evaporate [BH4]- complex anions. We obtained NaBH4(100) and (111) epitaxial thin films on MgO(100) and CaF2(100) substrates, respectively, with the assistance of H2 gas. This is the first example of the growth orientation control of complex hydride thin films. The influence of lattice mismatch at the interface and stacking sequence along the out-of-plane direction on the growth orientation control is comparatively discussed. This study provides a basis for the advanced investigation of complex hydrides and their surface and interfacial phenomena.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)